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Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid)

Skill rating
skill rating
Maintenance level
1 hour care
per year
Ultimate height
Max height
Ultimate spread
Max spread
Time to maturity
2-5 years
To maturity

Botanical name: Dactylorhiza foliosa

Other names: Madeira orchid, Spotted orchid, Richly-leaved dactylorhiza, Dactylorhiza maderensis, Orchis maderensis

Genus: Dactylorhiza

Species: D. foliosa - D. foliosa is a robust, deciduous, terrestrial orchid with fleshy, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves, sometimes spotted brown or purple, and dense, upright racemes of bright pink to bright purple flowers in late spring and early summer.

Dactylorhiza foliosa is: Deciduous

Flower: Bright-pink, Purple in Spring; Bright-pink, Purple in Summer

Foliage: Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer

Habit: Erect flower stem

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General care

Propagation methods: Division. REGISTER to

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Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.15m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses: Beds and borders, City, Containers, Greenhouse

Cultivation: Grows best in humus-rich, moist but well-drained, acidic soil in partial shade. Will tolerate full sun if soil is kept moist. Divide every 3-4 years. Avoid waterlogged soil. In pots, grow in equal parts loam-based compost, grit and humus-rich compost.

Soil type: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained

Soil pH: Acid, Neutral

Light: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Aspect: South, East, West

Exposure: Sheltered

Hardiness: Hardy (H4)

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