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Parrotia persica (Persian ironwood)

Skill rating
Beginner
skill rating
Maintenance level
1 hour care
per year
Ultimate height
8m
Max height
Ultimate spread
12m
Max spread
Time to maturity
20-50 years
To maturity

Botanical name: Parrotia persica

Other names: Persian ironwood, Iron tree, Ironwood

Genus: Parrotia

Species: P. persica - P. persica are medium-sized, spreading, deciduous trees with large, deep green leaves turning yellow, gold, orange, purple and red in autumn. They bear red flowers on bare branches in winter and early spring.


Parrotia persica is: Deciduous

Flower: Red in Spring; Red in Winter

Foliage: Green in Spring; Orange, Gold, Purple, Yellow, Red in Autumn

Tree shape: Drooping, Spreading

Awards: RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Watch out for

Pests: Generally pest-free

Diseases: Generally disease-free

General care

Propagation methods: Semi-hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings. REGISTER to read more...


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Parrotia persica (Persian ironwood) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 12m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses: Architectural, City, Cottage/Informal, Woodland

Cultivation: Grow in moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. For best autumn colour grow in acid soil.

Soil type: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light: Full Sun, Partial Shade

Aspect: North, South, East, West

Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered

Hardiness: Hardy (H4)


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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun, Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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