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Acer palmatum (Japanese maple)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
4m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Acer palmatum

Other names

Japanese maple

Genus

Acer Acer

Species

A. palmatum - A. palmatum are small, deciduous trees with deeply-lobed mid-green leaves which turn red, orange and yellow in autumn.


Acer palmatum is: Deciduous

Tree shape

Small

Flower

Red in Spring

Foliage

Mid-green in Summer; Yellow, Red, Orange in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids Aphids

Verticillium wilt Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1. Prune in late autumn to midwinter.

Propagation methods

Grafting, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Acer palmatum (Japanese maple) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Containers, Low Maintenance, City, Architectural, Rock, Foliage only

Cultivation

Grow in a moist but well-drained or well-drained soil. The foliage colour is best in dappled shade, although full sun is tolerated. Tolerates some lime but colours better on acid to neutral soil. Dry conditions or excessive exposure can cause leaf scorch.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Acer palmatum

Other names

Japanese maple

Genus

Acer Acer

Species

A. palmatum - A. palmatum are small, deciduous trees with deeply-lobed mid-green leaves which turn red, orange and yellow in autumn.

Native to

Japan, Korea

Foliage

Deciduous

Tree shape

Small


Colour

Flower

Red in Spring

Foliage

Mid-green in Summer; Yellow, Red, Orange in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids

Specific diseases

Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1. Prune in late autumn to midwinter.

Propagation methods

Grafting, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Acer palmatum (Japanese maple) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Containers, Low Maintenance, City, Architectural, Rock, Foliage only

Cultivation

Grow in a moist but well-drained or well-drained soil. The foliage colour is best in dappled shade, although full sun is tolerated. Tolerates some lime but colours better on acid to neutral soil. Dry conditions or excessive exposure can cause leaf scorch.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Acer palmatum (Japanese maple)

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Acer palmatum (Japanese maple)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range detected in Corsica. Although EU regulated; there remains some concern about the risk of introduction. This subspecies is known to be able to thrive in cooler climates. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Acer palmatum (Japanese maple)

Common pest name

Japanese long scale; Japanese maple scale; Long scale; Japanese; Pear white scale

Scientific pest name

Lopholeucaspis japonica

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Regulated only on Citrus at present; regulation on other hosts needs to be considered. Only likely to be a pest under glass in UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Verticillium wilt

I have an Acer palmatum that I fear has Verticillium wilt, bought from a local garden centre, any ideas as how to cure it please? read more

Acer palmatum

The typical japanese maple that colours well. This acer will tolerate some lime. Try to plant in moist soil that has been well prepared with organic matter. The plant like all acers will not enjoy… read more

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