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Acer triflorum (Three-flower maple)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
10m
Max height
8m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Acer triflorum

Other names

Three-flower maple, Rough bark maple

Genus

Acer Acer

Species

A. triflorum - A. triflorum is a broadly columnar to spreading, medium-sized, deciduous tree with exfoliating grey-brown bark, toothed, trifoliate, mid-green leaves that turn orange or red in autumn and clusters of pink to yellow-green flowers in spring.


Acer triflorum is: Deciduous

Habit

Broadly columnar, Spreading

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Pink, Yellow-green in Spring

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Orange, Red, Orange-red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Horse chestnut scale Aphids , Horse chestnut scale

Verticillium wilt Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 but only prune from late autumn to midwinter.

Propagation

Propagate by seed or grafting.

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Acer triflorum (Three-flower maple) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Prefers moist, well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Tends to be more rounded in full sun, spreading in partial shade. Leaf colour is best in partial shade, although full sun is tolerated. Leaf scorch is caused by lack of soil moisture or excess

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Acer triflorum

Other names

Three-flower maple, Rough bark maple

Genus

Acer Acer

Species

A. triflorum - A. triflorum is a broadly columnar to spreading, medium-sized, deciduous tree with exfoliating grey-brown bark, toothed, trifoliate, mid-green leaves that turn orange or red in autumn and clusters of pink to yellow-green flowers in spring.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Broadly columnar, Spreading

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Pink, Yellow-green in Spring

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Orange, Red, Orange-red in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Horse chestnut scale

Specific diseases

Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 but only prune from late autumn to midwinter.

Propagation

Propagate by seed or grafting.

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Acer triflorum (Three-flower maple) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Prefers moist, well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Tends to be more rounded in full sun, spreading in partial shade. Leaf colour is best in partial shade, although full sun is tolerated. Leaf scorch is caused by lack of soil moisture or excess

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Acer triflorum (Three-flower maple)

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Acer triflorum (Three-flower maple)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range detected in Corsica. Although EU regulated; there remains some concern about the risk of introduction. This subspecies is known to be able to thrive in cooler climates. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Acer triflorum (Three-flower maple)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Hylesia nigricans

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

South American moth which could be damaging to broadleaf species if introduced to the UK; as well as having human health impacts. The main pathway is likely to be goods (including non-plant material) imported from South America and awareness raising with the main industry sectors is recommended.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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