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Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse chestnut)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
15m
Max height
12m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Aesculus hippocastanum

Other names

Horse chestnut

Genus

Aesculus Aesculus

Species

A. hippocastanum - A. hippocastanum is a vigorous, spreading rounded, deciduous tree with palmately-lobed mid green leaves that turn yellow, red or orange in autumn. It bears large white flowers in summer followed by spiny brown chestnuts.


Aesculus hippocastanum is: Deciduous

Tree shape

Broad crowned

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.

Flower

White, Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Summer; Reddish-brown in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Horse chestnut scale , Leaf mining moths Horse chestnut scale , Leaf mining moths

Coral spot , Canker , Leaf spot Coral spot , Canker , Leaf spot

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1.

Propagation methods

Grafting, Seed


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Where to grow

Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse chestnut) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 12m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Wildlife, Architectural, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil. Large tree only really suitable for very large gardens.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

Hardiness

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Aesculus hippocastanum

Other names

Horse chestnut

Genus

Aesculus Aesculus

Species

A. hippocastanum - A. hippocastanum is a vigorous, spreading rounded, deciduous tree with palmately-lobed mid green leaves that turn yellow, red or orange in autumn. It bears large white flowers in summer followed by spiny brown chestnuts.

Foliage

Deciduous

Tree shape

Broad crowned

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.


Colour

Flower

White, Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Summer; Reddish-brown in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Horse chestnut scale , Leaf mining moths

Specific diseases

Coral spot , Canker , Leaf spot

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1.

Propagation methods

Grafting, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Aesculus hippocastanum (Horse chestnut) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 12m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Wildlife, Architectural, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil. Large tree only really suitable for very large gardens.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun, Partial Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

Hardiness

Hardy (H4)

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun, Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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Aesculus hippocastanum

Native to Greece, the horse chestnut was introduced to Britain around 1600. The Turks were said to feed the nuts (conkers) to coughing horses. The name may also come from the horseshoe-shaped scars… read more

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