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Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard )

Advanced
skill rating
4 hours care
per year
1m
Max height
0.3m
Max spread
1-2 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Alliaria petiolata

Other names

Garlic mustard , Jack-by-the-hedge, Hedge garlic, Garlic-mustard, Look-zonder-look

Genus

Alliaria Alliaria

Species

A. petiolata - A. petiolata is an upright, single stemed biennial with white flowers in spring. When blooming is done, plants produce upright fruits.


Alliaria petiolata is: Deciduous

Fragrance

The leaves are strongly scented of garlic when crushed, especially in spring and summer. Flowers also fragrant.

Habit

Erect, Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree

Flower

White in Spring; White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring; Green in Summer; Green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard ) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 0.3m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Flavouring food and drinks

Cultivation

Grows in the wild in in fertile, moist soil. Likes damp shade. Can spread easily and take over in woodland so watch out.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Alliaria petiolata

Other names

Garlic mustard , Jack-by-the-hedge, Hedge garlic, Garlic-mustard, Look-zonder-look

Genus

Alliaria Alliaria

Species

A. petiolata - A. petiolata is an upright, single stemed biennial with white flowers in spring. When blooming is done, plants produce upright fruits.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

The leaves are strongly scented of garlic when crushed, especially in spring and summer. Flowers also fragrant.

Habit

Erect, Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree


Colour

Flower

White in Spring; White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring; Green in Summer; Green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard ) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 0.3m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Flavouring food and drinks

Cultivation

Grows in the wild in in fertile, moist soil. Likes damp shade. Can spread easily and take over in woodland so watch out.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard )

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci non-European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Non-European populations of Bemisia tabaci pose an additional risk to European populations due to the potential for introducing non-European viruses.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard )

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Alliaria petiolata (Garlic mustard )

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

The UK has a protected zone in place for this pest which helps to mitigate the risk of entry and establishment. An EFSA opinion is currently being discussed at the EU Annexes Working Group which recommends further strengthening of the regulation.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Alliaria petiolata

I grow this pretty herb in semi shade to provide food for the caterpillars of Orange Tip and Green Veined White butterflies. It nestles happily with other herbs that can tolerate semi shade such as… read more

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