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Allium falcifolium (Sickle-headed garlic)

Beginner
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
0.2m
Max height
0.15m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Allium falcifolium

Other names

Coast flatstem onion, Sickle-headed garlic, Scythe-leaf onion, Sickle-leaf onion

Genus

Allium Allium

Species

A. falcifolium - A. falcifolium is a clump-forming, bulbous perennial with strap-shaped, grey-green leaves and short, upright stems bearing umbels of slender, goblet-shaped, crimson to reddish-purple flowers in spring.


Allium falcifolium is: Deciduous

Habit

Clump-forming, Erect flower stem

Toxicity

All parts toxic if ingested.

Flower

Reddish-purple in Spring

Foliage

Grey-green in Spring; Grey-green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Pest free, may suffer from slugs on new growth.

Onion rot , Downy mildew Onion rot , Downy mildew

General care

Pruning

No pruning required. If desired, remove leaves only after they have completely died down.

Propagation methods

Division


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Where to grow

Allium falcifolium (Sickle-headed garlic) will reach a height of 0.2m and a spread of 0.15m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds and borders, Flower Arranging, Gravel, Rock

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Plant bulbs 5-10cm deep in autumn. Add grit to clay soils to improve drainage. Spreads to form broad clumps.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Allium falcifolium

Other names

Coast flatstem onion, Sickle-headed garlic, Scythe-leaf onion, Sickle-leaf onion

Genus

Allium Allium

Species

A. falcifolium - A. falcifolium is a clump-forming, bulbous perennial with strap-shaped, grey-green leaves and short, upright stems bearing umbels of slender, goblet-shaped, crimson to reddish-purple flowers in spring.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Clump-forming, Erect flower stem

Toxicity

All parts toxic if ingested.


Colour

Flower

Reddish-purple in Spring

Foliage

Grey-green in Spring; Grey-green in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Pest free, may suffer from slugs on new growth.

Specific diseases

Onion rot , Downy mildew

General care

Pruning

No pruning required. If desired, remove leaves only after they have completely died down.

Propagation methods

Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Allium falcifolium (Sickle-headed garlic) will reach a height of 0.2m and a spread of 0.15m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Containers, Coastal, City, Beds and borders, Flower Arranging, Gravel, Rock

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Plant bulbs 5-10cm deep in autumn. Add grit to clay soils to improve drainage. Spreads to form broad clumps.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Allium falcifolium (Sickle-headed garlic)

Common pest name

Asain cotton leafworm; Cluster caterpillar; Fall armyworm; Rice cutworm; Taro caterpiller; Tobacco budworm; Tobacco caterpillar; Tobacco cutworm; Tobacco leaf caterpillar

Scientific pest name

Spodoptera litura

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Regulated pest; frequently intercepted with occasional outbreaks which have been successfully eradicated in the UK.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Allium falcifolium (Sickle-headed garlic)

Common pest name

allium leaf miner

Scientific pest name

Phytomyza gymnostoma

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Pest of Allium already present in UK and spreading; previous consultation supported awareness raising only; industry should prepare for the event of findings in commercial crops.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Allium falcifolium (Sickle-headed garlic)

Common pest name

Sugarbeet webworm; Weevil; Australian tomato; Weevil; vegetable

Scientific pest name

Listroderes costirostris

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Awareness needs to be maintained due to the risk of entry as a 'hitchhiker' and monitoring of the pest in countries where it is known to be present.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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