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Aralia cachemirica (Kashmir spikenard)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
2.5m
Max height
2.5m
Max spread
2-5years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Aralia cachemirica

Other names

Kashmir spikenard, Aralia macrophylla

Genus

Aralia Aralia

Species

A. cachemirica - A. cachemirica is a vigorous, clump-forming, deciduous perennial with arching stems bearing pinnate leaves divided into ovate to heart-shaped, toothed, dark green leaflets turning red and purple in autumn. Open panicles of tiny, creamy-white flowers in summer are followed by maroon to black fruit.


Aralia cachemirica is: Deciduous

Tree shape

Open branched, Spreading

Flower

White in Summer; White in Autumn

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Cut back after first frost.

Propagation

Sow seeds as soon as ripe in a cold frame in autumn. Alternatively, cold stratify for four weeks and sow indoors.

Propagation methods

Root cuttings, Seed


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Where to grow

Aralia cachemirica (Kashmir spikenard) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 2.5m after 2-5years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Low Maintenance

Cultivation

Grow in moist or moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil in full sun or light shade. Tends to lose lower leaves if grown in drier conditions. Resents transplanting due to extensive root system.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Aralia cachemirica

Other names

Kashmir spikenard, Aralia macrophylla

Genus

Aralia Aralia

Species

A. cachemirica - A. cachemirica is a vigorous, clump-forming, deciduous perennial with arching stems bearing pinnate leaves divided into ovate to heart-shaped, toothed, dark green leaflets turning red and purple in autumn. Open panicles of tiny, creamy-white flowers in summer are followed by maroon to black fruit.

Native to

Afghanistan, Himalayas, Nepal, Pakistan

Foliage

Deciduous

Tree shape

Open branched, Spreading


Colour

Flower

White in Summer; White in Autumn

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Cut back after first frost.

Propagation

Sow seeds as soon as ripe in a cold frame in autumn. Alternatively, cold stratify for four weeks and sow indoors.

Propagation methods

Root cuttings, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Aralia cachemirica (Kashmir spikenard) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 2.5m after 2-5years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Low Maintenance

Cultivation

Grow in moist or moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil in full sun or light shade. Tends to lose lower leaves if grown in drier conditions. Resents transplanting due to extensive root system.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Aralia cachemirica (Kashmir spikenard)

Common pest name

Leaf spot: ginseng; Leaf spot: ornamentals

Scientific pest name

Alternaria panax

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A leaf spot disease; some commonly grown pot plants are hosts but main damage is to ginseng.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Aralia cachemirica (Kashmir spikenard)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Aralia cachemirica (Kashmir spikenard)

Common pest name

; mango aphid

Scientific pest name

Aphis odinae

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Aphid pest unlikely to survive in the UK and considered to be little or no pytosanitary risk.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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