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Azara microphylla (Box-leaf azara)

Beginner
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
8m
Max height
4m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Azara microphylla

Other names

Box-leaf azara

Genus

Azara Azara

Species

A. microphylla - A. microphylla is an elegant, tall, evergreen shrub (or small tree) with arching, pendulous branches. There are masses of tiny, glossy dark green leaves. Flowers are also small, deep yellow, in small clusters from late spring. The scent is a strong, delicious vanilla. Fruits are small red berries, however, they seldom develop.


Azara microphylla is: Evergreen

Fragrance

The significance of this plant lies in its strong, delicious scent in late winter and early spring.

Habit

Pendulous, Spreading, Tall

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Light green, Yellow in Spring; Yellow, Light green in Winter

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Azara microphylla (Box-leaf azara) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

City, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Mediterranean, Wallside and trellises

Cultivation

Plant near a door or a path used in the winter to get the most of the vanilla scent.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Azara microphylla

Other names

Box-leaf azara

Genus

Azara Azara

Species

A. microphylla - A. microphylla is an elegant, tall, evergreen shrub (or small tree) with arching, pendulous branches. There are masses of tiny, glossy dark green leaves. Flowers are also small, deep yellow, in small clusters from late spring. The scent is a strong, delicious vanilla. Fruits are small red berries, however, they seldom develop.

Native to

Argentina, Chile

Foliage

Evergreen

Fragrance

The significance of this plant lies in its strong, delicious scent in late winter and early spring.

Habit

Pendulous, Spreading, Tall

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Light green, Yellow in Spring; Yellow, Light green in Winter

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

General care

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Azara microphylla (Box-leaf azara) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

City, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Mediterranean, Wallside and trellises

Cultivation

Plant near a door or a path used in the winter to get the most of the vanilla scent.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Azara microphylla (Box-leaf azara)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

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I have bought an Azara after reading an article in The Times. Although it will get very tall eventually, I wonder how spreading the roots will be. I have actually planted it next to our house where… read more

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