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Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette' (Leaf beet 'Erbette')

Beginner
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
0.5m
Max height
0.4m
Max spread
1-2 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette'

Other names

Leaf beet 'Erbette', Chard 'Erbette'

Genus

Beta Beta

Variety or Cultivar

'Erbette' _ 'Erbette' is an annual, typically cultivated as a vegetable, forming a dense rosette of upright, wrinkled, edible dark green leaves with pale green stems and veins. Dense spikes of inconspicuous green flowers rarely appear if grown as an annual vegetable.


Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette' is: Deciduous

Habit

Rosette

Flower

Insignificant or absent, Green in Autumn

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Dark-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Birds , Cutworms , Lettuce root maggot , Root aphid , Root knot eelworm , Slugs , Snails Birds , Cutworms , Lettuce root maggot , Root aphid , Root knot eelworm , Slugs , Snails

Grey mould , Lettuce downy mildew , Mosaic virus , Ring spot Grey mould , Lettuce downy mildew , Mosaic virus , Ring spot

General care

Pruning

Thin seedlings to 30cm (1ft) apart. Pull off the outer leaves when they are large enough to use.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette' (Leaf beet 'Erbette') will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.4m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Flavouring food and drinks

Cultivation

Easy to grow. Likes fertile, rich soil in full sun or light shade. Dig in compost or well-rotted manure in autumn. Rake in fertilizer 2 weeks before sowing. Sow 2.5cm (1in) deep, 10cm (4in) apart in rows 37.5cm (15in) apart. Water when dry.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4), Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette'

Other names

Leaf beet 'Erbette', Chard 'Erbette'

Genus

Beta Beta

Variety or Cultivar

'Erbette' _ 'Erbette' is an annual, typically cultivated as a vegetable, forming a dense rosette of upright, wrinkled, edible dark green leaves with pale green stems and veins. Dense spikes of inconspicuous green flowers rarely appear if grown as an annual vegetable.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Rosette


Colour

Flower

Insignificant or absent, Green in Autumn

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Dark-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Birds , Cutworms , Lettuce root maggot , Root aphid , Root knot eelworm , Slugs , Snails

Specific diseases

Grey mould , Lettuce downy mildew , Mosaic virus , Ring spot

General care

Pruning

Thin seedlings to 30cm (1ft) apart. Pull off the outer leaves when they are large enough to use.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette' (Leaf beet 'Erbette') will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.4m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Flavouring food and drinks

Cultivation

Easy to grow. Likes fertile, rich soil in full sun or light shade. Dig in compost or well-rotted manure in autumn. Rake in fertilizer 2 weeks before sowing. Sow 2.5cm (1in) deep, 10cm (4in) apart in rows 37.5cm (15in) apart. Water when dry.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4), Tender in frost (H3)

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette' (Leaf beet 'Erbette')

Common pest name

Acorn disease; Citrus little leaf; Citrus stubborn disease; Little leaf of citrus; Stubborn disease of citrus

Scientific pest name

Spiroplasma citri

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Bacterial pest affecting citrus and field vegetables now present in parts of the EU. Carrots are the main crop potentially at risk; but main vectors responsible for transmission are unlikely to establish in the UK. EU regulations should be updated to reflect extended host range. Industry may be interested in pursuing research to investigate impacts on field vegetables.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla var. flavescens 'Erbette' (Leaf beet 'Erbette')

Common pest name

African cottom leafworm; Cotton leafworm; Egyptian cotton leafworm; Egyptian cotton worm; Mediterranean climbing cutworm; Meditteranea Brocade; Tobacco cutworm

Scientific pest name

Spodoptera littoralis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Regulated pest; frequently intercepted with occasional outbreaks which have been successfully eradicated in the UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4), Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

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