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Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' (Chinese mustard 'Red Frills')

Advanced
skill rating
4 hours care
per year
0.45m
Max height
0.5m
Max spread
1 year
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills'

Other names

Chinese mustard 'Red Frills', Mustard greens 'Red Frills', Dijon mustard 'Red Frills', Gai choi 'Red Frills', Indian mustard 'Red Frills', Kai choy 'Red Frills', Leaf mustard 'Red Frills', Rai 'Red Frills', Japanese greens 'Red Frills', Brassica juncea var. crispifolia 'Red Frills'

Genus

Brassica Brassica

Variety or Cultivar

'Red Frills' _ 'Red Frills' is a vigorous, rosette-forming annual with upright, bright green stems bearing edible, deeply lobed, oval or lance-shaped, maroon leaves and upright stems bearing racemes of yellow flowers in summer.


Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' is: Deciduous

Fragrance

The leaves are strongly pungent and are frequently mixed with these milder greens in a dish of "mixed greens".

Habit

Upright, Rosette

Flower

Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Maroon in Summer; Maroon in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Pruning

Harvest leaves 45-55 days after germination when the entire plant is 30-45cm tall. For baby greens, cut when leaves are approx 1.5cm long. Smaller & younger leaves tend to be milder than mature leaves. Leaves are hotter in soil that is too dry or poor.

Propagation

Leaf harvest is dependent upon when seed is sown. Sow seed in situ in spring or start under glass in early spring. Planting in midsummer in hot weather may cause early bolting.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' (Chinese mustard 'Red Frills') will reach a height of 0.45m and a spread of 0.5m after 1 year.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Flavouring food and drinks, Indoor

Cultivation

Grow in warm, fertile, well-drained soil in alkaline or neutral soil in full sun.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills'

Other names

Chinese mustard 'Red Frills', Mustard greens 'Red Frills', Dijon mustard 'Red Frills', Gai choi 'Red Frills', Indian mustard 'Red Frills', Kai choy 'Red Frills', Leaf mustard 'Red Frills', Rai 'Red Frills', Japanese greens 'Red Frills', Brassica juncea var. crispifolia 'Red Frills'

Genus

Brassica Brassica

Variety or Cultivar

'Red Frills' _ 'Red Frills' is a vigorous, rosette-forming annual with upright, bright green stems bearing edible, deeply lobed, oval or lance-shaped, maroon leaves and upright stems bearing racemes of yellow flowers in summer.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

The leaves are strongly pungent and are frequently mixed with these milder greens in a dish of "mixed greens".

Habit

Upright, Rosette


Colour

Flower

Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Maroon in Summer; Maroon in Autumn

General care

Pruning

Harvest leaves 45-55 days after germination when the entire plant is 30-45cm tall. For baby greens, cut when leaves are approx 1.5cm long. Smaller & younger leaves tend to be milder than mature leaves. Leaves are hotter in soil that is too dry or poor.

Propagation

Leaf harvest is dependent upon when seed is sown. Sow seed in situ in spring or start under glass in early spring. Planting in midsummer in hot weather may cause early bolting.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' (Chinese mustard 'Red Frills') will reach a height of 0.45m and a spread of 0.5m after 1 year.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Flavouring food and drinks, Indoor

Cultivation

Grow in warm, fertile, well-drained soil in alkaline or neutral soil in full sun.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 11, Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3, Zone 2

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' (Chinese mustard 'Red Frills')

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci non-European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Non-European populations of Bemisia tabaci pose an additional risk to European populations due to the potential for introducing non-European viruses.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' (Chinese mustard 'Red Frills')

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Brassica juncea 'Red Frills' (Chinese mustard 'Red Frills')

Common pest name

Leaf spot: ginseng; Leaf spot: ornamentals

Scientific pest name

Alternaria panax

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A leaf spot disease; some commonly grown pot plants are hosts but main damage is to ginseng.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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