OK
In progress indicator

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce')

Advanced
skill rating
4 hours care
per year
0.4m
Max height
0.4m
Max spread
1-2 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce'

Other names

Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce', Brassica oleracea var. acephala 'Nero di Toscana Precoce', Borecole 'Nero di Toscana Precoce', Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Precoce Di Toscana'

Genus

Brassica Brassica

Variety or Cultivar

'Nero di Toscana Precoce' _ 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' is a vegetable with dark green, tightly curled leaves in autumn and winter. Best picked when still young and tender.


Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' is: Deciduous

Habit

Clump-forming, Irregular

Foliage

Dark-green in Autumn; Dark-green in Winter

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Cabbage caterpillars , Cabbage gall weevil , Cabbage stem flea beetle , Cabbage whitefly , Chafer grubs in lawns , Cutworms , Diamond-back moth , Flea beetles , Mealy cabbage aphid , Slugs , Snails , Swede midge Cabbage caterpillars , Cabbage gall weevil , Cabbage stem flea beetle , Cabbage whitefly , Chafer grubs in lawns , Cutworms , Diamond-back moth , Flea beetles , Mealy cabbage aphid , Slugs , Snails , Swede midge

Black rot , Downy mildew , Foot and root rot , Grey mould , Leaf spot , White blister Black rot , Downy mildew , Foot and root rot , Grey mould , Leaf spot , White blister

General care

Pruning

Thin seedlings to about 10 cm (3 in) apart within a row. Seedlings are ready to transplant when they are 10-15 cm (4-6 in) tall. Pick off yellowing leaves.

Propagation methods

Seed


Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions

Where to grow

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce') will reach a height of 0.4m and a spread of 0.4m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Flavouring food and drinks

Cultivation

Transplant kale seedlings in June or July into a bed vacated by peas, early potatoes or other early summer crops. Do not dig, simply consolidate the soil - it should not be loose or spongy. Lime if the soil is acid. Needs good drainage.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce'

Other names

Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce', Brassica oleracea var. acephala 'Nero di Toscana Precoce', Borecole 'Nero di Toscana Precoce', Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Precoce Di Toscana'

Genus

Brassica Brassica

Variety or Cultivar

'Nero di Toscana Precoce' _ 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' is a vegetable with dark green, tightly curled leaves in autumn and winter. Best picked when still young and tender.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Clump-forming, Irregular


Colour

Foliage

Dark-green in Autumn; Dark-green in Winter


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Cabbage caterpillars , Cabbage gall weevil , Cabbage stem flea beetle , Cabbage whitefly , Chafer grubs in lawns , Cutworms , Diamond-back moth , Flea beetles , Mealy cabbage aphid , Slugs , Snails , Swede midge

Specific diseases

Black rot , Downy mildew , Foot and root rot , Grey mould , Leaf spot , White blister

General care

Pruning

Thin seedlings to about 10 cm (3 in) apart within a row. Seedlings are ready to transplant when they are 10-15 cm (4-6 in) tall. Pick off yellowing leaves.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce') will reach a height of 0.4m and a spread of 0.4m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Flavouring food and drinks

Cultivation

Transplant kale seedlings in June or July into a bed vacated by peas, early potatoes or other early summer crops. Do not dig, simply consolidate the soil - it should not be loose or spongy. Lime if the soil is acid. Needs good drainage.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce')

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci non-European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Non-European populations of Bemisia tabaci pose an additional risk to European populations due to the potential for introducing non-European viruses.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce')

Common pest name

Leaf spot: ginseng; Leaf spot: ornamentals

Scientific pest name

Alternaria panax

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A leaf spot disease; some commonly grown pot plants are hosts but main damage is to ginseng.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce')

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant to your plant lists.

In progress indicator
Full size image
In progress indicator
Caption

Caption

Cancel and close this form
In progress indicator
This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Kale Pestshow do you deal with all the pests? I am picking off the caterpillars twice a day but the leaves are looking very lacey.

how do you deal with all the pests? I am picking off the caterpillars twice a day but the leaves are looking very lacey. read more

There are 0 active discussions about Brassica oleracea (Acephala Group) 'Nero di Toscana Precoce' (Kale 'Nero di Toscana Precoce')

View all discussions

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

My Garden
My Garden
Inez Hardie
My garden
My garden
Lobeck2000
My Garden
My Garden
Emma and Thomas Shepherd
My Garden
My Garden
Jan Torrance

Report content or feedback to Shoot

To add ? to your lists,
login to your account or subscribe.

Find out more about plant lists here

or Login


To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe.

or Login

In progress indicator
Note

Note

You are adding a note to: ?

Cancel