OK
In progress indicator

Buxus sempervirens (Common box)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
8m
Max height
8m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Buxus sempervirens

Other names

Common box

Genus

Buxus Buxus

Species

B. sempervirens - B. sempervirens is a large, but slow-growing evergreen shrub. The small, glossy oval leaves form a dense mass, with inconspicuous, yellowish flowers in late spring.


Buxus sempervirens is: Evergreen

Habit

Compact

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause stomach upset; contact may irritate the skin.

Flower

Pale-yellow, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Red spider mite (box and other) , Box sucker , Mussel scale Red spider mite (box and other) , Box sucker , Mussel scale

Box blights , Leaf spot Box blights , Leaf spot

General care

Pruning

As an informal hedge, box requires little pruning. Be guided by the natural habit of this plant. Keep plants to the desired size by pruning back long shoots. Hedging plants and topiary can be cut back hard when young to encourage bushy growth.

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions

Where to grow

Buxus sempervirens (Common box) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Banks and Slopes, Containers, Drought Tolerant, Foliage only, Garden edging, Ground Cover, Hedging/Screens, Instant, Mediterranean, Topiary

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in partial shade. Avoid scorch by sun and strong winds. If using for topiary or hedging, plant young plants just below the nursery soil mark to encourage growth from the base.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Plant alone in pots or in groups.

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Buxus sempervirens

Other names

Common box

Genus

Buxus Buxus

Species

B. sempervirens - B. sempervirens is a large, but slow-growing evergreen shrub. The small, glossy oval leaves form a dense mass, with inconspicuous, yellowish flowers in late spring.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Compact

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause stomach upset; contact may irritate the skin.


Colour

Flower

Pale-yellow, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Red spider mite (box and other) , Box sucker , Mussel scale

Specific diseases

Box blights , Leaf spot

General care

Pruning

As an informal hedge, box requires little pruning. Be guided by the natural habit of this plant. Keep plants to the desired size by pruning back long shoots. Hedging plants and topiary can be cut back hard when young to encourage bushy growth.

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Buxus sempervirens (Common box) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Banks and Slopes, Containers, Drought Tolerant, Foliage only, Garden edging, Ground Cover, Hedging/Screens, Instant, Mediterranean, Topiary

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in partial shade. Avoid scorch by sun and strong winds. If using for topiary or hedging, plant young plants just below the nursery soil mark to encourage growth from the base.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant to your plant lists.

In progress indicator
Full size image
In progress indicator
Caption

Caption

Cancel and close this form

Garden retreat St Neots project April 2018

Box Hedge

Box balls & squares - planting day 31.5.17

By front door

Early October (02/10/2010)

Upload your own photo
In progress indicator
This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

COMPANION PLANTS

Plant alone in pots or in groups.

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Cydalima perspectalis

Has anyone encountered this moth / larvae infestation ? Here in Belgium, it's widespread and devastated many Buxus read more

speed up

Hi there, i got hadge of buxus sempervirens, and i want to speed up it growing rate.Can i achive this with some fertilizer or something like that.Thank you and have a nice day! read more

leaves yellowing

The yellow/green colour of the leaves is my concern. Why and what to do read more

Box cones turning brown.

On our return from holiday in September, the 2 Box cones I have in pots had turned brown. I'm certain this was due to lack of water. I took them out of the pots and gave them a good soak but they… read more

Common Box

What fertilizer should I use and when? read more

There are 8 active discussions about Buxus sempervirens (Common box)

View all discussions

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

My Garden
My Garden
Natasha Bondy
My Garden
My Garden
Cotswold edge gardener
My Garden
My Garden
louisa gilhooly
My Garden
My Garden
Georgie
My Garden
My Garden
Kev
Mrs V Johnston
Mrs V Johnston
Valerie Johnston
Beck's Garden
Beck's Garden
Rebecca Disney-Scott
Martins Properties
Martins Properties
Fiona Stephenson
My Garden
My Garden
Gerard Rooney
Little cottage retreat
Little cottage retreat
Helen Kenyon
Low Maintenance Garden
Low Maintenance Garden
Simon Gilhooly
My Garden
My Garden
Iris Lando
My Garden
My Garden
Cherry Freeman
My Garden
My Garden
Phillip Picon
My Garden
My Garden
Natasha Jaeger
My Garden
My Garden
Amanda
Surrey Hills garden
Surrey Hills garden
Rae Wilkinson
My Garden
My Garden
Paul Jackson
My Garden
My Garden
Inez Hardie
My Back Garden
My Back Garden
Scarlet Rose
Pollicott Manor
Pollicott Manor
ann leach
My Garden
My Garden
Daisy
My Garden
My Garden
Steve Czyrko
My Garden
My Garden
Sheila Cartwright

ARTICLES WITH THIS PLANT

Beautiful Walled Country Garden

By Hertfordshire based garden designer Judy Shardlow of Heartwood Garden Design. This garden was designed to create a relaxing traditional English garden and in particular to create a warm enclosed… read more

Best of Both Worlds Garden

By garden designer Rosemary Coldstream. The British Association of Landscape Industries (BALI) has teamed up with the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) and BALI Registered members to design and… read more

The Children with Cancer UK Garden

By garden designer Emma Reed. Every day, more than 10 families in the UK get the devastating news that their child has cancer. Over 4,000 children and young people are diagnosed with cancer every… read more

Contemporary Sloping Garden

By Reading based MSGD garden designer Andrea Newill. A contemporary sloping garden around a generous level terrace within the sloping site, laid with sawn, contemporary beige limestone to tie in… read more

A traditional family garden

By London based garden designer Pippa Schofield. After building a new conservatory it became clear that the view out onto the garden needed improving.  read more

View all 113 articles


Report content or feedback to Shoot

To add ? to your lists,
login to your account or subscribe.

Find out more about plant lists here

or Login


To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe.

or Login

In progress indicator
Note

Note

You are adding a note to: ?

Cancel