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Camellia japonica (Common camellia)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
9m
Max height
8m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Camellia japonica

Other names

Common camellia, Japanese rose, Rose camellia

Genus

Camellia Camellia

Species

C. japonica - C. japonica is a large, upright to spreading, evergreen shrub with broadly elliptic, glossy, dark green leaves and single, red flowers in early spring.


Camellia japonica is: Evergreen

Habit

Upright, Spreading

Flower

Red in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Scale insects , Vine weevil Aphids , Scale insects , Vine weevil

Camellia gall , Camellia petal blight Camellia gall , Camellia petal blight

General care

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Camellia japonica (Common camellia) will reach a height of 9m and a spread of 8m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Low Maintenance, Wallside and trellises, Containers

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained acid soil in a sheltered shade. Protect buds & flowers from cold, dry winds and early morning sun. Fertilise in mid-spring & early summer. If container grown, use ericaceous compost. Suitable for wall training.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Camellia japonica

Other names

Common camellia, Japanese rose, Rose camellia

Genus

Camellia Camellia

Species

C. japonica - C. japonica is a large, upright to spreading, evergreen shrub with broadly elliptic, glossy, dark green leaves and single, red flowers in early spring.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Upright, Spreading


Colour

Flower

Red in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Scale insects , Vine weevil

Specific diseases

Camellia gall , Camellia petal blight

General care

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Camellia japonica (Common camellia) will reach a height of 9m and a spread of 8m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Low Maintenance, Wallside and trellises, Containers

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained acid soil in a sheltered shade. Protect buds & flowers from cold, dry winds and early morning sun. Fertilise in mid-spring & early summer. If container grown, use ericaceous compost. Suitable for wall training.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Camellia japonica (Common camellia)

Common pest name

Japanese long scale; Japanese maple scale; Long scale; Japanese; Pear white scale

Scientific pest name

Lopholeucaspis japonica

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Regulated only on Citrus at present; regulation on other hosts needs to be considered. Only likely to be a pest under glass in UK.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Camellia japonica (Common camellia)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Camellia japonica (Common camellia)

Common pest name

Stubby-root nematode

Scientific pest name

Trichodorus cedarus

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous nematode pest from Asia; occasionally intercepted by the UK. Causes direct feeding damage on plant roots and has the potential to vector viruses.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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