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Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaved cuckoo flower)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.3m
Max height
0.3m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Cardamine trifolia

Other names

Three-leaved cuckoo flower, Trefoil cress, Three-leaved cuckoo flower

Genus

Cardamine Cardamine

Species

C. trifolia - C. trifolia is a low, mat-forming, evergreen perennial. It has small, rounded, green leaves and in spring to early summer, bears small dainty white flowers on upright wiry stems


Cardamine trifolia is: Deciduous

Habit

Spreading

Flower

White in Spring; White in Summer

Foliage

Green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Propagation methods

Division, Seed


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Where to grow

Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaved cuckoo flower) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.3m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Edging, Garden edging, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Underplanting, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant in moisture retentive, free-draining soil with organic matter in a lightly shaded postiion.

Soil type

Loamy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Cardamine trifolia

Other names

Three-leaved cuckoo flower, Trefoil cress, Three-leaved cuckoo flower

Genus

Cardamine Cardamine

Species

C. trifolia - C. trifolia is a low, mat-forming, evergreen perennial. It has small, rounded, green leaves and in spring to early summer, bears small dainty white flowers on upright wiry stems

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Spreading


Colour

Flower

White in Spring; White in Summer

Foliage

Green in All seasons

General care

Propagation methods

Division, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaved cuckoo flower) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.3m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Edging, Garden edging, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Underplanting, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant in moisture retentive, free-draining soil with organic matter in a lightly shaded postiion.

Soil type

Loamy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaved cuckoo flower)

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci non-European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Non-European populations of Bemisia tabaci pose an additional risk to European populations due to the potential for introducing non-European viruses.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaved cuckoo flower)

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

The UK has a protected zone in place for this pest which helps to mitigate the risk of entry and establishment. An EFSA opinion is currently being discussed at the EU Annexes Working Group which recommends further strengthening of the regulation.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaved cuckoo flower)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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