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Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)

Intermediate
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
1.5m
Max height
1m
Max spread
5-10 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Codiaeum variegatum

Other names

Croton, Josephs coat

Genus

Codiaeum Codiaeum

Species

C. variegatum - C. variegatum is a tender evergreen perennial with large glossy ovate leaves that have red, orange, yellow and green markings.


Codiaeum variegatum is: Evergreen

Habit

Upright

Toxicity

Sap may cause skin irritation

Foliage

Red, Orange, Dark-green, Yellow in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Mealybugs , Scale insects Mealybugs , Scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation

Propagate by air layering

Propagation methods

Layering, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Codiaeum variegatum (Croton) will reach a height of 1.5m and a spread of 1m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Indoor

Cultivation

Place in bright filtered light in a draught-free position indoors with a constant temperature of between 16 and 29 deg C. Water weekly in summer and when compost is dry in winter. Apply a weak liquid feed monthly and mist leaves with water.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Codiaeum variegatum

Other names

Croton, Josephs coat

Genus

Codiaeum Codiaeum

Species

C. variegatum - C. variegatum is a tender evergreen perennial with large glossy ovate leaves that have red, orange, yellow and green markings.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Upright

Toxicity

Sap may cause skin irritation


Colour

Foliage

Red, Orange, Dark-green, Yellow in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Mealybugs , Scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation

Propagate by air layering

Propagation methods

Layering, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Codiaeum variegatum (Croton) will reach a height of 1.5m and a spread of 1m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Indoor

Cultivation

Place in bright filtered light in a draught-free position indoors with a constant temperature of between 16 and 29 deg C. Water weekly in summer and when compost is dry in winter. Apply a weak liquid feed monthly and mist leaves with water.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1)

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)

Common pest name

Croton whitefly

Scientific pest name

Orchamoplatus mammaeferus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Whitefly with no economic implications for UK.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Codiaeum variegatum (Croton)

Common pest name

cotton mealybug

Scientific pest name

Phenacoccus solenopsis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Watching brief for potential impact on tomato production in the Mediterranean. Other southern European countries likely to be more at risk. Precautionary action will be taken on findings on planting material to protect glasshouse crops and botanical gardens.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Indoor heated (H1) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Caring for Croton

I just acquired a rather large croton, it is simply beautiful (vivid color) . I just noticed that a few leaves have fallen off and brown wrinkly spots on the leaves have appeared. I water it… read more

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