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Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.25m
Max height
0.5m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Convallaria majalis

Other names

Lily of the valley, Conval lily, Word lily, Mayflower, Mugget, Liriconfancy, May bells, May lily, Our lady's tears, Lady's tears

Genus

Convallaria Convallaria

Species

C. majalis - C. majalis is a vigorous, spreading, rhizomatous perennial with paired, elliptic to narrowly ovate, dark green leaves and, from late spring to early summer, upright, leafless stems bear erect to arching racemes of fragrant, bell-shaped, white flowers followed by red fruit.


Convallaria majalis is: Deciduous

Fragrance

The flowers are scented

Habit

Clump-forming, Erect flower stem, Spreading

Toxicity

Highly toxic if eaten.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring

How to care

Watch out for

Leaf spot Leaf spot

General care

Pruning

If desired, remove faded or dead foliage in autumn.

Propagation

Sow seeds in containers in a cold frame when ripe. Remove flesh from seed before sowing. Generally, seeds are slow to germinate and seedlings are slow to grow. Best method of propagation is division.

Propagation methods

Division, Seed


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Where to grow

Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley) will reach a height of 0.25m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Underplanting

Cultivation

Plant in fertile, humus-rich moist soil in full or part shade. Mulch with leaf mould in autumn.

Soil type

Loamy, Clay

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Convallaria majalis

Other names

Lily of the valley, Conval lily, Word lily, Mayflower, Mugget, Liriconfancy, May bells, May lily, Our lady's tears, Lady's tears

Genus

Convallaria Convallaria

Species

C. majalis - C. majalis is a vigorous, spreading, rhizomatous perennial with paired, elliptic to narrowly ovate, dark green leaves and, from late spring to early summer, upright, leafless stems bear erect to arching racemes of fragrant, bell-shaped, white flowers followed by red fruit.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

The flowers are scented

Habit

Clump-forming, Erect flower stem, Spreading

Toxicity

Highly toxic if eaten.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Green in Spring


How to care

Watch out for

Specific diseases

Leaf spot

General care

Pruning

If desired, remove faded or dead foliage in autumn.

Propagation

Sow seeds in containers in a cold frame when ripe. Remove flesh from seed before sowing. Generally, seeds are slow to germinate and seedlings are slow to grow. Best method of propagation is division.

Propagation methods

Division, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley) will reach a height of 0.25m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Underplanting

Cultivation

Plant in fertile, humus-rich moist soil in full or part shade. Mulch with leaf mould in autumn.

Soil type

Loamy, Clay

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3, Zone 2

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Clay Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Convallaria majalis

The flowers are much favoured for use in wedding bouquets. They are pollinated by bees. Lily-of-the-valley produces round, bright red poisonous berries. Majalis means 'that which belongs to May', the… read more

Perfume from flowers

This plant is used by Laurie Chetwood and Patrick Collins in their Perfume Garden for Chelsea Flower Show 2009. They say 'Perfume is extracted from flowers. Used in many perfumes.' read more

There is 1 active discussion about Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley)

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