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Cordyline australis (Cabbage tree)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
6m
Max height
4m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Cordyline australis

Other names

Cabbage tree, Palm lily, Cabbage palm, New Zealand cabbage palm, New Zealand dragon plant, Torbay palm

Genus

Cordyline Cordyline

Species

C. australis - C. australis is a architectural, palm-like, evergreen tree with long, sword-shaped, leathery leaves and large panicles of fragrant, creamy flowers in summer.


Cordyline australis is: Evergreen

Fragrance

Flowers are highly scented.

Tree shape

Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Cream, Insignificant or absent in Summer

Foliage

Green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Glasshouse red spider mite , Scale insects Glasshouse red spider mite , Scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation methods

Seed, Suckers


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Where to grow

Cordyline australis (Cabbage tree) will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Coastal, Drought Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Sub-Tropical, Foliage only

Cultivation

Plant in moist, free-draining soil in full sun or light shade, in a sheltered position.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Cordyline australis

Other names

Cabbage tree, Palm lily, Cabbage palm, New Zealand cabbage palm, New Zealand dragon plant, Torbay palm

Genus

Cordyline Cordyline

Species

C. australis - C. australis is a architectural, palm-like, evergreen tree with long, sword-shaped, leathery leaves and large panicles of fragrant, creamy flowers in summer.

Foliage

Evergreen

Fragrance

Flowers are highly scented.

Tree shape

Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Cream, Insignificant or absent in Summer

Foliage

Green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Glasshouse red spider mite , Scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation methods

Seed, Suckers


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Cordyline australis (Cabbage tree) will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Coastal, Drought Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Sub-Tropical, Foliage only

Cultivation

Plant in moist, free-draining soil in full sun or light shade, in a sheltered position.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 11, Zone 10

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July 2015

July 2015 - by the well, has mealy bug

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

How can I stop my cordyline growing!

Stupid question I am sure you are all thinking, my cordyline has been planted for 17 years, it is over 30 feet tall. 3 years ago a shoot started forming near the base - this is now 10 feet tall and… read more

New shoots on 'dead' frost damaged tree

My Cordyline Australis was a beautiful mature 25ft tree until this year when it succumbed to the winter and I had to remove all the greenery and cut back the rotted wood. It is now re-shooting- but… read more

Brown spots. Is my palm sick?

I have been worried about the brown tips of my Cordyline australis for a while. Now I have noticed brown spots on the lower parts of the leaves (see picture). Could this be a disease? read more

Disease

I have an established tree about 18ft tall and has suddenly started to rapidly lose its tops; coming off in clumps of green, otherwise healthy looking leaves. There is also a pinkish milky sap coming… read more

prune cordyline australis

My cabbage palms took a real hit this winter. My neighbour tells me they suffered similarly about 40 years ago and recovered. However, there is no sign of any shoots so I think it must be time to… read more

There are 20 active discussions about Cordyline australis (Cabbage tree)

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