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Cornus sanguinea (Common dogwood)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
2.5m
Max height
2.5m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Cornus sanguinea

Other names

Common dogwood, Prickwood, Skewer wood, Swamp dogwood, Houndberry tree, Pegwood, Gadrise, Dogberry, Common cornel, Blood twig

Genus

Cornus Cornus

Species

C. sanguinea - C. sanguinea is an upright, deciduous shrub with green leaves turning deep-red in autumn. Its young shoots are reddish in winter. It bears small white flowers in summer followed by black berries in autumn.


Cornus sanguinea is: Deciduous

Habit

Bushy, Upright

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring; Green in Summer; Dark-red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Horse chestnut scale Horse chestnut scale

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Seed


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Where to grow

Cornus sanguinea (Common dogwood) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Cornus sanguinea

Other names

Common dogwood, Prickwood, Skewer wood, Swamp dogwood, Houndberry tree, Pegwood, Gadrise, Dogberry, Common cornel, Blood twig

Genus

Cornus Cornus

Species

C. sanguinea - C. sanguinea is an upright, deciduous shrub with green leaves turning deep-red in autumn. Its young shoots are reddish in winter. It bears small white flowers in summer followed by black berries in autumn.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Bushy, Upright


Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring; Green in Summer; Dark-red in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Horse chestnut scale

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Cornus sanguinea (Common dogwood) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Cornus sanguinea (Common dogwood)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range detected in Corsica. Although EU regulated; there remains some concern about the risk of introduction. This subspecies is known to be able to thrive in cooler climates. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Cornus sanguinea (Common dogwood)

Common pest name

Black timber bark beetle; Smaller alnus bark beetle; tea root borer

Scientific pest name

Xylosandrus germanus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Ambrosia beetle affecting a wide range of trees and woody hosts. Widespread in Europe and elsewhere and now present in the south of England. Impacts can be reduced by good silvicultural practices. Surveillance is being carried out to better determine distribution.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Cornus sanguinea (Common dogwood)

Common pest name

; Apple bark beetle; Asian ambrosia beetle; Granulate ambrosia beetle

Scientific pest name

Xylosandrus crassiusculus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Ambrosia beetle which can affect a wide range of broadleaved trees; widespread in Africa; Asia and parts of the US; with outbreaks in France and Italy. The UK climate is unlikely to be suitable for the pest to thrive and cause significant damage but needs to be investigated through research. A Europe-wide PRA will help inform the case for EU regulation. Premises involved in importing wood and host plants from Italy in particular; where official measures are not being taken; should source material carefully.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Cornus sanguinea

Greenish white flowers appear in June, and have a rather unpleasant scent, but this seems to be attractive to numerous insects including bees. The blue-black berries are eaten by a range of birds. In… read more

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