OK
In progress indicator

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Beginner
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
10m
Max height
8m
Max spread
20-50 Years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Crataegus monogyna

Other names

Common hawthorn, Quick hawthorn, May hawthorn, Quickthorn

Genus

Crataegus Crataegus

Species

C. monogyna - C. monogyna is an upright, rounded, deciduous tree with numerous thorns on its branches. It has glossy, green leaves that are rounded and deeply-lobed and fragrant white flowers in late spring followed by red fruit.


Crataegus monogyna is: Deciduous

Habit

Rounded to broadly spreading

Toxicity

The fruit can cause mild stomach upset if ingested.

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow-brown in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites

Fireblight , Leaf spot Fireblight , Leaf spot

General care

Propagation methods

Budding, Grafting, Seed


Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions

Where to grow

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Topiary, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grows well in town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Crataegus monogyna

Other names

Common hawthorn, Quick hawthorn, May hawthorn, Quickthorn

Genus

Crataegus Crataegus

Species

C. monogyna - C. monogyna is an upright, rounded, deciduous tree with numerous thorns on its branches. It has glossy, green leaves that are rounded and deeply-lobed and fragrant white flowers in late spring followed by red fruit.

Native to

Garden origin

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Rounded to broadly spreading

Toxicity

The fruit can cause mild stomach upset if ingested.


Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow-brown in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites

Specific diseases

Fireblight , Leaf spot

General care

Propagation methods

Budding, Grafting, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Topiary, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grows well in town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Common pest name

Round headed apple tree borer

Scientific pest name

Saperda candida

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

American wood boring beetle; single European incursion into a German Island in the Baltic; limited likelihood of introduction into the UK due to small volume of trade and import inspections. Possible EU listing will limit risk further.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Common pest name

Cedar-Quince rust; Quince rust; Rust of apple; Rust of juniper; Rust of quince

Scientific pest name

Gymnosporangium clavipes

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

EU regulated rust disease which helps mitigate against introduction. A review of EU regulations will help to ensure that all hosts are regulated.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant to your plant lists.

In progress indicator
Full size image
In progress indicator
Caption

Caption

Cancel and close this form
In progress indicator
This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Crataegus monogyna

This plant must rank among the top three for wildlife. It will provide good autumn colour and is prime habitat - probably the best one of all - for a huge variety of nesting birds. The red berries or… read more

There is 1 active discussion about Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

View all discussions

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

My Garden
My Garden
Nick
City Woodland Garden
City Woodland Garden
Laura Thomas
My Garden
My Garden
Tony Higgins
My Garden
My Garden
Amanda
My Garden
My Garden
Patricia Jones
My Garden
My Garden
Greenman
My Garden
My Garden
Ian McLintock
My Garden
My Garden
Andy (LS20)
My Garden
My Garden
Sile
My Garden
My Garden
Ena Green
13 Crailinghall
13 Crailinghall
Ann Marie Hendry
My Garden
My Garden
Brian Ebbs
My Garden
My Garden
John Wicks
My Garden
My Garden
George Taylor
My Garden
My Garden
Marianne
My Garden
My Garden
Robert Spencer
My Garden
My Garden
Michelle Salter
My Garden
My Garden
Norma Thain

ARTICLES WITH THIS PLANT

Show gardens: The Yeo Valley Organic Garden

The Yeo Valley Organic Garden highlights the importance of looking after nature and the health of our soil. Designed by award-winning garden designer, Tom Massey, and supported by Yeo Valley… read more

Sanctuary Gardens: Bible Society - The Psalm 23 Garden

Sarah Eberle’s Psalm 23 Garden at the RHS Chelsea Flower Show is set to spearhead a campaign to see the creation of community gardens around the country as we emerge from the pandemic. read more

Container Gardens: The IBC Pocket Forest

For her debut garden at RHS Chelsea Flower Show 2021, award winning designer Sara Edwards is exploring and challenging conventional ideas of container gardening and thinking BIG - with her IBC Pocket… read more

The Resilience Garden

The garden, created by award-winning designer Sarah Eberle, underlines that we need to increase tree cover, diversify planting and follow biosecurity guidelines to help protect our landscapes from… read more

Tom Dixon and IKEA Garden

Tom Dixon and IKEA are curious to see how we can make a positive impact on what we put on our plates, and hence our planet by exploring urban growing. Through our garden, we will use democratic… read more

View all 17 articles


Report content or feedback to Shoot

To add ? to your lists,
login to your account or subscribe.

Find out more about plant lists here

or Login


To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe.

or Login

In progress indicator
Note

Note

You are adding a note to: ?

Cancel