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Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Beginner
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
10m
Max height
8m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Crataegus monogyna

Other names

Common hawthorn, Quick hawthorn, May hawthorn, Quickthorn

Genus

Crataegus Crataegus

Species

C. monogyna - C. monogyna is an upright, rounded, deciduous tree with numerous thorns on its branches. It has glossy, green leaves that are rounded and deeply-lobed and fragrant white flowers in late spring followed by red fruit.


Crataegus monogyna is: Deciduous

Habit

Rounded to broadly spreading

Toxicity

The fruit can cause mild stomach upset if ingested.

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow-brown in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites

Fireblight , Leaf spot Fireblight , Leaf spot

General care

Propagation methods

Budding, Grafting, Seed


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Where to grow

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Topiary, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grows well in town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Crataegus monogyna

Other names

Common hawthorn, Quick hawthorn, May hawthorn, Quickthorn

Genus

Crataegus Crataegus

Species

C. monogyna - C. monogyna is an upright, rounded, deciduous tree with numerous thorns on its branches. It has glossy, green leaves that are rounded and deeply-lobed and fragrant white flowers in late spring followed by red fruit.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Rounded to broadly spreading

Toxicity

The fruit can cause mild stomach upset if ingested.


Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow-brown in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Gall mites

Specific diseases

Fireblight , Leaf spot

General care

Propagation methods

Budding, Grafting, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 8m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Topiary, Wildflower, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grows well in town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Common pest name

Round headed apple tree borer

Scientific pest name

Saperda candida

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

American wood boring beetle; single European incursion into a German Island in the Baltic; limited likelihood of introduction into the UK due to small volume of trade and import inspections. Possible EU listing will limit risk further.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

Common pest name

Cedar-Quince rust; Quince rust; Rust of apple; Rust of juniper; Rust of quince

Scientific pest name

Gymnosporangium clavipes

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

EU regulated rust disease which helps mitigate against introduction. A review of EU regulations will help to ensure that all hosts are regulated.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Crataegus monogyna

This plant must rank among the top three for wildlife. It will provide good autumn colour and is prime habitat - probably the best one of all - for a huge variety of nesting birds. The red berries or… read more

There is 1 active discussion about Crataegus monogyna (Common hawthorn)

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