OK
In progress indicator

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid)

Advanced
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.6m
Max height
0.15m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Dactylorhiza foliosa

Other names

Madeira orchid, Spotted orchid, Richly-leaved dactylorhiza, Dactylorhiza maderensis, Orchis maderensis

Genus

Dactylorhiza Dactylorhiza

Species

D. foliosa - D. foliosa is a robust, deciduous, terrestrial orchid with fleshy, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves, sometimes spotted brown or purple, and dense, upright racemes of bright pink to bright purple flowers in late spring and early summer.


Dactylorhiza foliosa is: Deciduous

Habit

Erect flower stem

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Purple, Bright-pink in Spring; Bright-pink, Purple in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Pruning

Deadhead regularly.

Propagation

Divide every 3-4 years.

Propagation methods

Division


Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions

Where to grow

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.15m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Rock, Greenhouse, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Wildflower, Woodland

Cultivation

Grows best in humus-rich, moist but well-drained. Will tolerate full sun if soil is kept moist. Avoid waterlogged soil. In pots, grow in equal parts loam-based compost, grit and humus-rich compost.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Dactylorhiza foliosa

Other names

Madeira orchid, Spotted orchid, Richly-leaved dactylorhiza, Dactylorhiza maderensis, Orchis maderensis

Genus

Dactylorhiza Dactylorhiza

Species

D. foliosa - D. foliosa is a robust, deciduous, terrestrial orchid with fleshy, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves, sometimes spotted brown or purple, and dense, upright racemes of bright pink to bright purple flowers in late spring and early summer.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Erect flower stem

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Purple, Bright-pink in Spring; Bright-pink, Purple in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer

General care

Pruning

Deadhead regularly.

Propagation

Divide every 3-4 years.

Propagation methods

Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.15m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Rock, Greenhouse, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Wildflower, Woodland

Cultivation

Grows best in humus-rich, moist but well-drained. Will tolerate full sun if soil is kept moist. Avoid waterlogged soil. In pots, grow in equal parts loam-based compost, grit and humus-rich compost.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Orchidophilus spp.

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A pest of orchids spreading in trade. Currently absent from the UK and unlikely to establish outdoors. Could cause severe damage to hosts growing in protected cultivation.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid)

Common pest name

Rice leaf nematode; Strawberry crimp disease nematode; White tip nematode; White tip nematode of rice

Scientific pest name

Aphelenchoides besseyi

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Damaging nematode affecting rice crops and strawberry production in warmer climates; could potentially present a threat to strawberry production and ornamental production in protected environments. But modern production practices seem to reduce likelihood of impacts. Pest is also regulated at EU level; which reduces likelihood of entry.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Dactylorhiza foliosa (Madeira orchid)

Common pest name

common blossom thrips; cotton bud thrips; tomato thrips

Scientific pest name

Frankliniella schultzei

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous glasshouse pest; present in many countries; single finding in UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant to your plant lists.

In progress indicator
Full size image
In progress indicator
Caption

Caption

Cancel and close this form
In progress indicator
This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

Report content or feedback to Shoot

To add ? to your lists,
login to your account or subscribe.

Find out more about plant lists here

or Login


To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe.

or Login

In progress indicator
Note

Note

You are adding a note to: ?

Cancel