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Erythronium dens-canis (Dog's tooth violet)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.5m
Max height
0.1m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Erythronium dens-canis

Other names

Dog's tooth violet, Dogtooth violet

Genus

Erythronium Erythronium

Species

E. dens-canis - E. dens-canis is a small cormous herbaceous perennial with brown spotted leaves and solitary white, pink or lilac flower at the beginning of spring.


Erythronium dens-canis is: Deciduous

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Pink, Yellow, Red in Spring

Foliage

Brown, Green in Spring; Green, Brown in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Slugs Slugs

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation methods

Division


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Where to grow

Erythronium dens-canis (Dog's tooth violet) will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.1m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Rock, Underplanting, Wildflower, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant in fertile, humus-rich, moist, free-draining soil in partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Erythronium dens-canis

Other names

Dog's tooth violet, Dogtooth violet

Genus

Erythronium Erythronium

Species

E. dens-canis - E. dens-canis is a small cormous herbaceous perennial with brown spotted leaves and solitary white, pink or lilac flower at the beginning of spring.

Foliage

Deciduous

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Pink, Yellow, Red in Spring

Foliage

Brown, Green in Spring; Green, Brown in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Slugs

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Propagation methods

Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Erythronium dens-canis (Dog's tooth violet) will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.1m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Rock, Underplanting, Wildflower, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant in fertile, humus-rich, moist, free-draining soil in partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Erythronium dens-canis (Dog's tooth violet)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa (all other strains and subspecies)

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range and many sub-species and strains; including those that could thrive in cooler climates; showing different levels of pathogenicity. Although EU regulated; there is some concern about the risk of introduction. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Erythronium dens-canis (Dog's tooth violet)

Common pest name

common blossom thrips; cotton bud thrips; tomato thrips

Scientific pest name

Frankliniella schultzei

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous glasshouse pest; present in many countries; single finding in UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

My Garden
My Garden
Palustris Catz
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My Garden
BERNARD SORRELL
My Garden
My Garden
Paul Kemp
The Old Smiddy
The Old Smiddy
Elizabeth Hardie
Rivendell
Rivendell
The Garden Goddess Ltd

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