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Euonymous atropurpureus (Eastern wahoo)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
6m
Max height
7.5m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Euonymous atropurpureus

Other names

Eastern wahoo, American wahoo, Burning bush, Indian arrow wood, North American burning bush, Wahoo, Spindle tree

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Species

E. atropurpureus - E. atropurpureus is an upright, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate to elliptic, dark green leaves turning dull red in autumn. Small, dark purple flowers in late spring are followed by scarlet fruit.


Euonymous atropurpureus is: Deciduous

Habit

Spreading, Upright

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.

Flower

Dark-purple in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Dark-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Horse chestnut scale , Scale insects , Vine weevil Caterpillars , Horse chestnut scale , Scale insects , Vine weevil

Leaf spot , Powdery mildew Leaf spot , Powdery mildew

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Euonymous atropurpureus (Eastern wahoo) will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 7.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Woodland

Cultivation

Best in well-drained loam in full sun with some midday shade. Tolerates full shade and a wide range of soils except wet, poorly drained conditions.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Euonymous atropurpureus

Other names

Eastern wahoo, American wahoo, Burning bush, Indian arrow wood, North American burning bush, Wahoo, Spindle tree

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Species

E. atropurpureus - E. atropurpureus is an upright, spreading, deciduous shrub or small tree with ovate to elliptic, dark green leaves turning dull red in autumn. Small, dark purple flowers in late spring are followed by scarlet fruit.

Native to

Eastern North America

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Spreading, Upright

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.


Colour

Flower

Dark-purple in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Dark-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Horse chestnut scale , Scale insects , Vine weevil

Specific diseases

Leaf spot , Powdery mildew

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Euonymous atropurpureus (Eastern wahoo) will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 7.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Woodland

Cultivation

Best in well-drained loam in full sun with some midday shade. Tolerates full shade and a wide range of soils except wet, poorly drained conditions.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Euonymous atropurpureus (Eastern wahoo)

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Euonymous atropurpureus (Eastern wahoo)

Common pest name

Japanese fruit scale; Mulberry scale; White peach scale

Scientific pest name

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Scale insect which in favourable conditions may kill trees. There have been a number of findings in the UK but some uncertainty about whether the pest is established. Stakeholder organisations may wish to monitory for its presence.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Euonymous atropurpureus (Eastern wahoo)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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