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Euonymus europaeus (Spindle)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
4m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Euonymus europaeus

Other names

Spindle, Skewerwood, Pegwood, Prick timber, Prickwood, Gatten tree, Louseberry tree, Catwood, Common spindle tree, Ananbeam, Euonymus bulgaricus, Dogwood, Gatter tree

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Species

E. europaeus - E. europaeus is a large, deciduous shrub with dark green leaving turning turn blazing scarlet in autumn and winter and masses of rose-red capsules.


Euonymus europaeus is: Deciduous

Habit

Spreading

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.

Flower

Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow, Red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Vine weevil Caterpillars , Vine weevil

Powdery mildew Powdery mildew

General care

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Euonymus europaeus (Spindle) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Euonymus europaeus

Other names

Spindle, Skewerwood, Pegwood, Prick timber, Prickwood, Gatten tree, Louseberry tree, Catwood, Common spindle tree, Ananbeam, Euonymus bulgaricus, Dogwood, Gatter tree

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Species

E. europaeus - E. europaeus is a large, deciduous shrub with dark green leaving turning turn blazing scarlet in autumn and winter and masses of rose-red capsules.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Spreading

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.


Colour

Flower

Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow, Red in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Vine weevil

Specific diseases

Powdery mildew

General care

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Euonymus europaeus (Spindle) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus (Spindle)

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus (Spindle)

Common pest name

Japanese fruit scale; Mulberry scale; White peach scale

Scientific pest name

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Scale insect which in favourable conditions may kill trees. There have been a number of findings in the UK but some uncertainty about whether the pest is established. Stakeholder organisations may wish to monitory for its presence.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus (Spindle)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Euonymus europaeus

The flowers, which are an insignificant, are nectar-rich and an important food source for hoverflies, bees and other insects. They are pollinated by the St Mark's fly. Both leaves and fruits are… read more

There are 6 active discussions about Euonymus europaeus (Spindle)

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GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

My Garden
My Garden
Palustris Catz
Main garden
Main garden
Peter

ARTICLES WITH THIS PLANT

The Resilience Garden

The garden, created by award-winning designer Sarah Eberle, underlines that we need to increase tree cover, diversify planting and follow biosecurity guidelines to help protect our landscapes from… read more

The David Harber and Savills Garden

By landscape and garden designer Nic Howard. The collaborative show garden is designed to provoke reflection on mankind’s changing interaction with the environment through time. read more

View all 6 articles


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