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Euonymus europaeus f. albus (White spindle)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
4m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Euonymus europaeus f. albus

Other names

White spindle, White skewerwood, White louseberry tree, White pegwood, White prick timber, White gattan tree, White gartter tree, Euonymus europaeus 'Albus'

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Species

E. europaeus f. albus - E. europaeus f. albus is a spreading, deciduous shrub with narrowly ovate, dark green leaves turning yellow in autumn and, in spring, panicles of small, yellow flowers followed by four-lobed, creamy-white fruit in autumn that split to reveal orange seeds.


Euonymus europaeus f. albus is: Deciduous

Habit

Spreading

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.

Flower

Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Vine weevil Caterpillars , Vine weevil

Powdery mildew Powdery mildew

General care

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Euonymus europaeus f. albus (White spindle) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Euonymus europaeus f. albus

Other names

White spindle, White skewerwood, White louseberry tree, White pegwood, White prick timber, White gattan tree, White gartter tree, Euonymus europaeus 'Albus'

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Species

E. europaeus f. albus - E. europaeus f. albus is a spreading, deciduous shrub with narrowly ovate, dark green leaves turning yellow in autumn and, in spring, panicles of small, yellow flowers followed by four-lobed, creamy-white fruit in autumn that split to reveal orange seeds.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Spreading

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.


Colour

Flower

Yellow in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Vine weevil

Specific diseases

Powdery mildew

General care

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Euonymus europaeus f. albus (White spindle) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus f. albus (White spindle)

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus f. albus (White spindle)

Common pest name

Japanese fruit scale; Mulberry scale; White peach scale

Scientific pest name

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Scale insect which in favourable conditions may kill trees. There have been a number of findings in the UK but some uncertainty about whether the pest is established. Stakeholder organisations may wish to monitory for its presence.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus f. albus (White spindle)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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