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Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle 'Red Cascade')

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
3m
Max height
2.5m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade'

Other names

Spindle 'Red Cascade'

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Variety or Cultivar

'Red Cascade' _ 'Red Cascade' is a vigorous, broadly conical, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval, scalloped, dark-green leaves turning bright red in autumn. Cymes of small, yellow-green flowers in summer are followed by bright rose-pink fruit with orange seeds.


Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' is: Deciduous

Habit

Broadly conical

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Bright-red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Scale insects Caterpillars , Scale insects

Powdery mildew Powdery mildew

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle 'Red Cascade') will reach a height of 3m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade'

Other names

Spindle 'Red Cascade'

Genus

Euonymus Euonymus

Variety or Cultivar

'Red Cascade' _ 'Red Cascade' is a vigorous, broadly conical, deciduous shrub or small tree with oval, scalloped, dark-green leaves turning bright red in autumn. Cymes of small, yellow-green flowers in summer are followed by bright rose-pink fruit with orange seeds.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Broadly conical

Toxicity

All parts may cause severe discomfort if ingested.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Bright-red in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Caterpillars , Scale insects

Specific diseases

Powdery mildew

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle 'Red Cascade') will reach a height of 3m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Wildlife

Cultivation

Plant in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle 'Red Cascade')

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle 'Red Cascade')

Common pest name

Japanese fruit scale; Mulberry scale; White peach scale

Scientific pest name

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Scale insect which in favourable conditions may kill trees. There have been a number of findings in the UK but some uncertainty about whether the pest is established. Stakeholder organisations may wish to monitory for its presence.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Euonymus europaeus 'Red Cascade' (Spindle 'Red Cascade')

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Are Euonymus europaeus red cascade and Euonymus planipes self fertile? I can just plant one. Thank you. LauraThank you

Are Euonymus europaeus red cascade and Euonymus planipes self fertile? I can just plant one. Thank you. LauraThank you read more

Hardly any of the flowers have developed into pods!

Hardly any of the flowers have developed into pods on the 3 plants that I have. They were planted last September and were smothered when I got. Any ideas? Many thanks. Ian read more

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