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Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
1.2m
Max height
1.2m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii

Other names

Mediterranean spurge, Euphorbia wulfenii, Euphorbia characias 'Wulfenii', Euphorbia veneta, Evergreen spurge

Genus

Euphorbia Euphorbia

Species

E. characias subsp. wulfenii - E. characias subsp. wulfenii is an upright, evergreen shrub with biennial shoots bearing linear to oblong, grey-green leaves and dense, spherical to cylindrical cymes of yellow-green flowers from early spring to early summer.


Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii is: Evergreen

Habit

Upright

Toxicity

All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. The milky sap may cause irritation to skin and eyes.

Flower

Yellow-green in Spring; Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Grey-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Cut flowered shoots to ground level in late summer or early autumn.

Propagation methods

Seed, Division


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Where to grow

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge) will reach a height of 1.2m and a spread of 1.2m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Rock, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Mediterranean, Gravel

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in full sun. If necessary, add grit or sharp sand to the soil to improve drainage. Dislikes winter wet, so a gravel mulch will help avoid rotting.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii

Other names

Mediterranean spurge, Euphorbia wulfenii, Euphorbia characias 'Wulfenii', Euphorbia veneta, Evergreen spurge

Genus

Euphorbia Euphorbia

Species

E. characias subsp. wulfenii - E. characias subsp. wulfenii is an upright, evergreen shrub with biennial shoots bearing linear to oblong, grey-green leaves and dense, spherical to cylindrical cymes of yellow-green flowers from early spring to early summer.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Upright

Toxicity

All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. The milky sap may cause irritation to skin and eyes.


Colour

Flower

Yellow-green in Spring; Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Grey-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Cut flowered shoots to ground level in late summer or early autumn.

Propagation methods

Seed, Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge) will reach a height of 1.2m and a spread of 1.2m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Rock, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Mediterranean, Gravel

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in full sun. If necessary, add grit or sharp sand to the soil to improve drainage. Dislikes winter wet, so a gravel mulch will help avoid rotting.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge)

Common pest name

Banded-winged whitefly

Scientific pest name

Trialeurodes abutiloneus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous whitefly native to the Americas with the potential to introduce harmful viruses to the UK. EU regulation should be considered and further assessed by EPPO.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge)

Common pest name

cotton mealybug

Scientific pest name

Phenacoccus solenopsis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Watching brief for potential impact on tomato production in the Mediterranean. Other southern European countries likely to be more at risk. Precautionary action will be taken on findings on planting material to protect glasshouse crops and botanical gardens.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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feb 2012 (05/05/2012)

spring 2012 (05/05/2012)

Euphorbia character 'Wulfenii' and Erysimum 'Bowles Mauve'

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

My Spurge fell over!

After a big rainstorm my spurge has completely fallen over. Is it best to throw away the whole plant or should I try to right it and prune it? The plant was about 3.5 feet tall and fairly leggy.Any… read more

I forgot to prune

I forgot to prune my euphorbia last autumn; so now i have some straggly old stems and some flimsy new ones and no flowers. Is it best to prune it now (Early May) anyhow, so the new shoots get a… read more

Not many flowers

My Euphorbia wulfenii will be two years old this spring. The first year it had no flowers, last year only two and this year I am not too confident that it will get many more flowers. Any ideas what… read more

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii

HiI want to move this plant this year - it's flowering at the moment so I was going to move it when it had finished. I heard that they might sulk after being moved so was wondering if there was a… read more

when to cut it back and how low...

Hi there. Can someone help about this plant?? shall i cut it back with ground level after its died?? read more

There are 6 active discussions about Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (Mediterranean spurge)

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