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Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress spurge)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.5m
Max height
0.5m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Euphorbia cyparissias

Other names

Cypress spurge

Genus

Euphorbia Euphorbia

Species

E. cyparissias - E. cyparissias is a compact architectural perennial with evergreen leaves and contrasting lime-green dome-shaped flowers in spring fading to red with age.


Euphorbia cyparissias is: Deciduous

Habit

Erect

Toxicity

All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. The milky sap may cause irritation to skin and eyes.

Flower

Lime green in Spring; Lime green, Flushed red in Summer

Foliage

Red, Dark-green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Rust Rust

General care

Pruning

Remove spent flower-heads to promote new shoots.

Propagation methods

Basal cuttings, Division


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Where to grow

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress spurge) will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Flower Arranging, Beds and borders, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Underplanting, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant in rich, moist soil in sun or dappled shade. Colours best in sun.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Euphorbia cyparissias

Other names

Cypress spurge

Genus

Euphorbia Euphorbia

Species

E. cyparissias - E. cyparissias is a compact architectural perennial with evergreen leaves and contrasting lime-green dome-shaped flowers in spring fading to red with age.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Erect

Toxicity

All parts of the plant are highly toxic if ingested. The milky sap may cause irritation to skin and eyes.


Colour

Flower

Lime green in Spring; Lime green, Flushed red in Summer

Foliage

Red, Dark-green in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Specific diseases

Rust

General care

Pruning

Remove spent flower-heads to promote new shoots.

Propagation methods

Basal cuttings, Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress spurge) will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Flower Arranging, Beds and borders, Ground Cover, Low Maintenance, Underplanting, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant in rich, moist soil in sun or dappled shade. Colours best in sun.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress spurge)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress spurge)

Common pest name

cotton mealybug

Scientific pest name

Phenacoccus solenopsis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Watching brief for potential impact on tomato production in the Mediterranean. Other southern European countries likely to be more at risk. Precautionary action will be taken on findings on planting material to protect glasshouse crops and botanical gardens.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress spurge)

Common pest name

Banded-winged whitefly

Scientific pest name

Trialeurodes abutiloneus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous whitefly native to the Americas with the potential to introduce harmful viruses to the UK. EU regulation should be considered and further assessed by EPPO.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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Euphorbia cyparissias

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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Euphorbia cyparissias

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