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Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' (Copper beech 'Black Swan')

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
15m
Max height
5m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan'

Other names

Copper beech 'Black Swan', Weeping copper beech 'Black Swan', Purple beech 'Black Swan', Weeping purple beech 'Black Swan'

Genus

Fagus Fagus

Variety or Cultivar

'Black Swan' _ 'Black Swan' is an upright, deciduous tree with pendulous branches bearing ovate to elliptic, glossy, maroon to purple-black leaves, lighter on the reverse, bronze when young and turning golden bronze in autumn. Inconspicuous green flowers in spring are followed by bristly, pale brown fruit.


Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' is: Deciduous

Habit

Pendulous

Flower

Green, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Bronze in Spring; Maroon, Dark-purple, Flushed black in Summer; Golden-yellow, Bronze-tinted in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Beech bark scale , Aphids Beech bark scale , Aphids

Coral spot , Bracket fungi on standing trees , Beech bark disease , Foot and root rot , Heart rot Coral spot , Bracket fungi on standing trees , Beech bark disease , Foot and root rot , Heart rot

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' (Copper beech 'Black Swan') will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 5m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Architectural, Foliage only, Hedging/Screens

Cultivation

Tolerates a wide range of well-drained soil.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan'

Other names

Copper beech 'Black Swan', Weeping copper beech 'Black Swan', Purple beech 'Black Swan', Weeping purple beech 'Black Swan'

Genus

Fagus Fagus

Variety or Cultivar

'Black Swan' _ 'Black Swan' is an upright, deciduous tree with pendulous branches bearing ovate to elliptic, glossy, maroon to purple-black leaves, lighter on the reverse, bronze when young and turning golden bronze in autumn. Inconspicuous green flowers in spring are followed by bristly, pale brown fruit.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Pendulous


Colour

Flower

Green, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Bronze in Spring; Maroon, Dark-purple, Flushed black in Summer; Golden-yellow, Bronze-tinted in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Beech bark scale , Aphids

Specific diseases

Coral spot , Bracket fungi on standing trees , Beech bark disease , Foot and root rot , Heart rot

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' (Copper beech 'Black Swan') will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 5m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Architectural, Foliage only, Hedging/Screens

Cultivation

Tolerates a wide range of well-drained soil.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' (Copper beech 'Black Swan')

Common pest name

Asian longhorn beetle; Starry sky beetle

Scientific pest name

Anoplophora glabripennis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Recognised threat to a wide range of deciduous tress native to the UK. Already regulated it is a priority for continued surveillance and statutory action. The risk of entry is further mitigated by EU legislation requiring the monitoring of wooden packaging material originating from China.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' (Copper beech 'Black Swan')

Common pest name

Elm spanworm; Ennomid; white; Linden moth; snow-white

Scientific pest name

Ennomos subsignaria

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous moth pest which defoliates deciduous trees and; with repeated infestation; can cause tree death. Present in North America and current import requirements do not fully mitigate the risk of introduction. A PRA will help to assess the level of risk more fully.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Fagus sylvatica 'Black Swan' (Copper beech 'Black Swan')

Common pest name

Black and white longhorn; Citrus longhorn; Citrus longhorn beetle; Citrus root cerambycid

Scientific pest name

Anoplophora chinensis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Recognised threat to a wide range of deciduous trees native to the UK. Already regulated; it is a priority for continued surveillance and statutory action.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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