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Ficus benjamina (Benjamin tree)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
4m
Max height
2.5m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Ficus benjamina

Other names

Benjamin tree, Tropic laurel, Waringin, Java fig, Java tree, Small-leaved rubber plant, Weeping fig

Genus

Ficus Ficus

Species

F. benjamina - F. benjamina is a tender, evergreen tree or large shrub with arching or pendent branches bearing glossy, narrowly ovate to elliptic, pointed, dark green leaves and insignificant flowers followed by spherical to oblong fruit maturing from green to orange-red to black.


Ficus benjamina is: Evergreen

Habit

Bushy, Pendulous

Toxicity

May cause skin allergies.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Insignificant or absent, Green in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Mealybugs , Red spider mite (box and other) , Scale insects , Thrips Mealybugs , Red spider mite (box and other) , Scale insects , Thrips

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Ficus benjamina (Benjamin tree) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Containers, Greenhouse, Indoor, Sub-Tropical

Cultivation

Grow under glass in loam-based compost in full or filtered light. Outdoors in frost-free areas, grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Protect from strong, drying winds.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Ficus benjamina

Other names

Benjamin tree, Tropic laurel, Waringin, Java fig, Java tree, Small-leaved rubber plant, Weeping fig

Genus

Ficus Ficus

Species

F. benjamina - F. benjamina is a tender, evergreen tree or large shrub with arching or pendent branches bearing glossy, narrowly ovate to elliptic, pointed, dark green leaves and insignificant flowers followed by spherical to oblong fruit maturing from green to orange-red to black.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Bushy, Pendulous

Toxicity

May cause skin allergies.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Insignificant or absent, Green in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Mealybugs , Red spider mite (box and other) , Scale insects , Thrips

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Ficus benjamina (Benjamin tree) will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Containers, Greenhouse, Indoor, Sub-Tropical

Cultivation

Grow under glass in loam-based compost in full or filtered light. Outdoors in frost-free areas, grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in sun or partial shade. Protect from strong, drying winds.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Ficus benjamina (Benjamin tree)

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Ficus benjamina (Benjamin tree)

Common pest name

Citrus little leaf; Little leaf of citrus; Sour orange stem pitting; Stem pitting of sour orange; Xyloporosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Hop stunt viroid

Type

Virus or Viroid

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pest of hops present in America and parts of Europe. PHPS provides good assurance of disease freedom; but EU regulation to be pursued to enhance protection in the longer term.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Ficus benjamina (Benjamin tree)

Common pest name

assam thrips; castor thrips; chilli thrips; yellow tea thrips

Scientific pest name

Scirtothrips dorsalis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

EU listed pest for citrus but highly polyphagous and intercepted on a number of hosts. EU legislation should be updated to reflect wider host list.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Indoor heated (H1) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

DARK LEAVES DROPPING

Hi we have a few Ficus Benjamin Trees and we are in Cyprus. We have a couple of these with light coloured leaves which seem to be o.k. but the 2 dark leaf trees appear to have the leaves just… read more

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