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Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig 'Brown Turkey')

Intermediate
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
4m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey'

Other names

Fig 'Brown Turkey'

Genus

Ficus Ficus

Species

F. carica 'Brown Turkey' - F. carica 'Brown Turkey' is a deciduous shrub with architectural, large, lobed leaves. Edible, sweet figs may be produced in autumn.


Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' is: Deciduous

Habit

Rounded to broadly spreading

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Green, Insignificant or absent in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

In early spring, remove 1/4 to 1/3 of older branches. From early summer, pinch out growing points of current season's sideshoots to encourage fig production.

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig 'Brown Turkey') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

City, Architectural, Cottage/Informal, Mediterranean, Wallside and trellises, Foliage only

Cultivation

Plant in moist, free-draining, neutral to alkaline soil in a sunny, sheltered position. Best grown trained against a sunny wall or fence. Restrict roots by laying rubble in the planting hole and lining the sides with paving slabs.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey'

Other names

Fig 'Brown Turkey'

Genus

Ficus Ficus

Species

F. carica 'Brown Turkey' - F. carica 'Brown Turkey' is a deciduous shrub with architectural, large, lobed leaves. Edible, sweet figs may be produced in autumn.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Rounded to broadly spreading

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Green, Insignificant or absent in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

In early spring, remove 1/4 to 1/3 of older branches. From early summer, pinch out growing points of current season's sideshoots to encourage fig production.

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig 'Brown Turkey') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

City, Architectural, Cottage/Informal, Mediterranean, Wallside and trellises, Foliage only

Cultivation

Plant in moist, free-draining, neutral to alkaline soil in a sunny, sheltered position. Best grown trained against a sunny wall or fence. Restrict roots by laying rubble in the planting hole and lining the sides with paving slabs.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig 'Brown Turkey')

Common pest name

Apple root knot nematode

Scientific pest name

Meloidogyne mali

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Unknown

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

UK (along with certain other European countries) received potentially infested trees in 1992; but these were destroyed at the end of the trial period and targeted surveillance has failed to find any trace of the nematode. Main impacts are on elm; apple and mulberry and industry should source such material carefully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig 'Brown Turkey')

Common pest name

Citrus little leaf; Little leaf of citrus; Sour orange stem pitting; Stem pitting of sour orange; Xyloporosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Hop stunt viroid

Type

Virus or Viroid

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pest of hops present in America and parts of Europe. PHPS provides good assurance of disease freedom; but EU regulation to be pursued to enhance protection in the longer term.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (Fig 'Brown Turkey')

Common pest name

assam thrips; castor thrips; chilli thrips; yellow tea thrips

Scientific pest name

Scirtothrips dorsalis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

EU listed pest for citrus but highly polyphagous and intercepted on a number of hosts. EU legislation should be updated to reflect wider host list.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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fig tree planted in front after a years growth in conservatory

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Fig tree

hi, ive recently planted my fig tree outside. Upto this point i had it in a container indoors for a year. ive been watering but am wondering what else i hsould do to ensure it's survival as last week… read more

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hi all thinking of planting 1 of these into half barrel planter and train up against wall south westerly facing! any ideas on other plants that can accompany the planter until it matures basic garden… read more

Ficus carica losing leaves

Hello, I have a fig tree in a large pot and just this past month it has been losing it leaves. They turn yellow and fall. I give it plenty of water and it has been mulched with a good compost earlier… read more

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