OK
In progress indicator

Firmiana simplex (Chinese parasol tree)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
15m
Max height
10m
Max spread
20-50 Years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Firmiana simplex

Other names

Chinese parasol tree, Chinese bottletree, Japanese varnish tree, Phoenix tree, Sultan's parasol, Firmiana platanifolia., Sterculia platanifolia

Genus

Firmiana Firmiana

Species

F. simplex - F. simplex is a rounded, deciduous tree with deeply lobed, dark green leaves turning yellow in autumn and panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer followed by papery fruit splitting to reveal


Firmiana simplex is: Deciduous

Habit

Rounded

Flower

Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation

Sow seed at 10-13C (50-55F) when ripe.

Propagation methods

Seed


Sign up for your FREE ACCOUNT today or login to receive detailed monthly care instructions

Where to grow

Firmiana simplex (Chinese parasol tree) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 10m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Woodland, City, Architectural

Cultivation

Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade with shelter from cold, drying winds. Moderately drought tolerant but best with regular moisture.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Firmiana simplex

Other names

Chinese parasol tree, Chinese bottletree, Japanese varnish tree, Phoenix tree, Sultan's parasol, Firmiana platanifolia., Sterculia platanifolia

Genus

Firmiana Firmiana

Species

F. simplex - F. simplex is a rounded, deciduous tree with deeply lobed, dark green leaves turning yellow in autumn and panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer followed by papery fruit splitting to reveal

Native to

China, Japan

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Rounded


Colour

Flower

Yellow-green in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Yellow in Autumn

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation

Sow seed at 10-13C (50-55F) when ripe.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Firmiana simplex (Chinese parasol tree) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 10m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Woodland, City, Architectural

Cultivation

Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade with shelter from cold, drying winds. Moderately drought tolerant but best with regular moisture.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Firmiana simplex (Chinese parasol tree)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Firmiana simplex (Chinese parasol tree)

Common pest name

cotton mealybug

Scientific pest name

Phenacoccus solenopsis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Watching brief for potential impact on tomato production in the Mediterranean. Other southern European countries likely to be more at risk. Precautionary action will be taken on findings on planting material to protect glasshouse crops and botanical gardens.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Firmiana simplex (Chinese parasol tree)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Epicauta atomaria

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

1

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

South American blister beetle; affecting solanaceous crops which (as plants for planting) are prohibited from entering the UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

In order to add a note on this plant, please add this plant to your plant lists.

In progress indicator
Full size image
In progress indicator
Caption

Caption

Cancel and close this form
In progress indicator
This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

COMPANION PLANTS


Report content or feedback to Shoot

To add ? to your lists,
login to your account or subscribe.

Find out more about plant lists here

or Login


To check if this plant is suitable for your garden first login to your account or subscribe.

or Login

In progress indicator
Note

Note

You are adding a note to: ?

Cancel