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Foeniculum vulgare (Common fennel)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
2.5m
Max height
0.5m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Foeniculum vulgare

Other names

Common fennel, Finkel, Sabbath day posy, Finckle, Fennel, Fenkell

Genus

Foeniculum Foeniculum

Species

F. vulgare - F. vulgare is an upright, clump-forming biennial or short-lived perennial with finely-divided, pinnate, mid- to blue-green leaves and branching stems bearing flat umbels of tiny, yellow flowers in summer followed by aromatic seeds.


Foeniculum vulgare is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Foliage is aromatic (aniseed).

Habit

Upright, Spreading

Flower

Insignificant or absent, Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Blue-green in Summer

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Specific pests

Aphids Aphids

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

Can be invasive if flowers are allowed to set seed.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Foeniculum vulgare (Common fennel) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Add to salads, Flavouring food and drinks, Beds and borders, Wildlife, Foliage only

Cultivation

Plant in moist, fertile soil.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Foeniculum vulgare

Other names

Common fennel, Finkel, Sabbath day posy, Finckle, Fennel, Fenkell

Genus

Foeniculum Foeniculum

Species

F. vulgare - F. vulgare is an upright, clump-forming biennial or short-lived perennial with finely-divided, pinnate, mid- to blue-green leaves and branching stems bearing flat umbels of tiny, yellow flowers in summer followed by aromatic seeds.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Foliage is aromatic (aniseed).

Habit

Upright, Spreading


Colour

Flower

Insignificant or absent, Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Blue-green in Summer


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest free.

Specific pests

Aphids

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

Can be invasive if flowers are allowed to set seed.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Foeniculum vulgare (Common fennel) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Add to salads, Flavouring food and drinks, Beds and borders, Wildlife, Foliage only

Cultivation

Plant in moist, fertile soil.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Mouse Moth and the Anise Swallowtail. read more

There are 3 active discussions about Foeniculum vulgare (Common fennel)

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