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Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry)

Advanced
skill rating
5 hours care
per year
0.3m
Max height
0.3m
Max spread
1-2 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Fragaria chiloensis

Other names

Beach strawberry, Sand strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Fragaria cuneifolia, Chilean strawberry, Coast strawberry

Genus

Fragaria Fragaria

Species

F. chiloensis - F. chiloensis is a mat-forming, evergreen perennial with glossy, dark green leaves divided into three ovate, toothed leaflets. Clusters of five-petalled, white flowers in spring are followed by tiny, bright red, edible fruit on female plants from early summer into autumn. This species is a parent of cultivated strawberries.


Fragaria chiloensis is: Evergreen

Habit

Mat Forming

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

It is best to rotate crops to avoid pest and disease problems.

Specific pests

Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Vine weevil Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Vine weevil

Grey mould , Powdery mildew , Root rot , Virus Grey mould , Powdery mildew , Root rot , Virus

General care

Pruning

Site carefully as may become invasive or smother nearby plants. Cut back in early spring.

Propagation

Not self-fertile. Male and female plants must be grown together if seed is required. Divide runners in late summer.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.3m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Underplanting, Ground Cover, Flavouring food and drinks, Containers, Beds and borders, Banks and Slopes, Woodland

Cultivation

Best planted in fertile, neutral to acid, moist but well-drained, in full sun with a mulch of pine or spruce leaves. Grows best in coastal gardens. Tolerates part shade though fruit production will be reduced. Tolerates alkaline soil.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Fragaria chiloensis

Other names

Beach strawberry, Sand strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Fragaria cuneifolia, Chilean strawberry, Coast strawberry

Genus

Fragaria Fragaria

Species

F. chiloensis - F. chiloensis is a mat-forming, evergreen perennial with glossy, dark green leaves divided into three ovate, toothed leaflets. Clusters of five-petalled, white flowers in spring are followed by tiny, bright red, edible fruit on female plants from early summer into autumn. This species is a parent of cultivated strawberries.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Mat Forming


Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

It is best to rotate crops to avoid pest and disease problems.

Specific pests

Glasshouse red spider mite , Slugs , Vine weevil

Specific diseases

Grey mould , Powdery mildew , Root rot , Virus

General care

Pruning

Site carefully as may become invasive or smother nearby plants. Cut back in early spring.

Propagation

Not self-fertile. Male and female plants must be grown together if seed is required. Divide runners in late summer.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.3m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Underplanting, Ground Cover, Flavouring food and drinks, Containers, Beds and borders, Banks and Slopes, Woodland

Cultivation

Best planted in fertile, neutral to acid, moist but well-drained, in full sun with a mulch of pine or spruce leaves. Grows best in coastal gardens. Tolerates part shade though fruit production will be reduced. Tolerates alkaline soil.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry)

Common pest name

assam thrips; castor thrips; chilli thrips; yellow tea thrips

Scientific pest name

Scirtothrips dorsalis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

EU listed pest for citrus but highly polyphagous and intercepted on a number of hosts. EU legislation should be updated to reflect wider host list.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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