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Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet strawberry)

Advanced
skill rating
5 hours care
per year
0.2m
Max height
0.6m
Max spread
1-2 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Fragaria virginiana

Other names

Scarlet strawberry, Wild strawberry, Virginia strawberry

Genus

Fragaria Fragaria

Species

F. virginiana - F. virginiana is a compact, stoloniferous perennial with trifoliate leaves divided into three coarsely toothed, wrinkled, dark green leaflets and clusters of white flowers in mid- to late spring followed by ovoid, edible, red fruit.


Fragaria virginiana is: Deciduous

Habit

Compact, Spreading

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

It is best to rotate crops to avoid pest and disease problems.

Specific pests

Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Vine weevil , Woodlice Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Vine weevil , Woodlice

Crown rot , Grey mould , Root rot , Verticillium wilt Crown rot , Grey mould , Root rot , Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Remove excess runners as needed.

Propagation

Peg down runners growing over the soil surface in summer. Leave attached to the mother plant until autumn. (5 runners at most) Cut new plants from the mother plant and plant out.

Propagation methods

Runners


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Where to grow

Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet strawberry) will reach a height of 0.2m and a spread of 0.6m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Cake decoration, Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Ground Cover, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant crown at soil level in fertile, moist or moist but well-drained, acid to neutral soil in full sun or partial shade. Best in sandy loam. Mulch with pine or spruce leaves in spring. Dislikes high summer heat, humidity, and strong, drying winds. May go dormant in hot summer months.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Fragaria virginiana

Other names

Scarlet strawberry, Wild strawberry, Virginia strawberry

Genus

Fragaria Fragaria

Species

F. virginiana - F. virginiana is a compact, stoloniferous perennial with trifoliate leaves divided into three coarsely toothed, wrinkled, dark green leaflets and clusters of white flowers in mid- to late spring followed by ovoid, edible, red fruit.

Native to

Eastern North America

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Compact, Spreading


Colour

Flower

White in Spring

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

It is best to rotate crops to avoid pest and disease problems.

Specific pests

Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Vine weevil , Woodlice

Specific diseases

Crown rot , Grey mould , Root rot , Verticillium wilt

General care

Pruning

Remove excess runners as needed.

Propagation

Peg down runners growing over the soil surface in summer. Leave attached to the mother plant until autumn. (5 runners at most) Cut new plants from the mother plant and plant out.

Propagation methods

Runners


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet strawberry) will reach a height of 0.2m and a spread of 0.6m after 1-2 years.

Suggested uses

Add to salads, Beds and borders, Cake decoration, Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Ground Cover, Woodland

Cultivation

Plant crown at soil level in fertile, moist or moist but well-drained, acid to neutral soil in full sun or partial shade. Best in sandy loam. Mulch with pine or spruce leaves in spring. Dislikes high summer heat, humidity, and strong, drying winds. May go dormant in hot summer months.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet strawberry)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet strawberry)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Xiphinema bakeri

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode pest; could potentially affect trees and other species if introduced but many pathways regulated. No evidence of interceptions or findings to date.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Fragaria virginiana (Scarlet strawberry)

Common pest name

Australian grapevine yellows; Australian lucerne yellows; Australian yellows of grapevine

Scientific pest name

Candidatus Phytoplasma australiense'

Type

Phytoplasma

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Phytoplasma present in Australia and New Zealand which could be damaging to grapevine and strawberry production; in particular; if introduced to the UK. EU regulations help to mitigate the risk of entry.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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