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Gaylussacia baccata (Black huckleberry)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
1m
Max height
1m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Gaylussacia baccata

Other names

Black huckleberry

Genus

Gaylussacia Gaylussacia

Species

G. baccata - G. baccata is an upright, deciduous shrub with oblong to elliptic, mid- to dark green leaves, sticky when young and turning red in autumn. Racemes of urn-shaped, dull red flowers in late spring are followed by glossy, spherical, edible, black fruit.


Gaylussacia baccata is: Deciduous

Habit

Upright

Flower

Flushed pink, White in Spring; Flushed pink, White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring; Green in Summer; Red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation

Seeds are slow to germinate if untreated. Warm stratify for 30 days followed by cold stratification will aid germination.

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Gaylussacia baccata (Black huckleberry) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 1m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Woodland

Cultivation

Grow in acid, peaty, sandy or rock, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Dislikes salt spray.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Gaylussacia baccata

Other names

Black huckleberry

Genus

Gaylussacia Gaylussacia

Species

G. baccata - G. baccata is an upright, deciduous shrub with oblong to elliptic, mid- to dark green leaves, sticky when young and turning red in autumn. Racemes of urn-shaped, dull red flowers in late spring are followed by glossy, spherical, edible, black fruit.

Native to

Eastern North America

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Upright


Colour

Flower

Flushed pink, White in Spring; Flushed pink, White in Summer

Foliage

Green in Spring; Green in Summer; Red in Autumn

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation

Seeds are slow to germinate if untreated. Warm stratify for 30 days followed by cold stratification will aid germination.

Propagation methods

Seed, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Gaylussacia baccata (Black huckleberry) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 1m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Woodland

Cultivation

Grow in acid, peaty, sandy or rock, moist but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Dislikes salt spray.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Gaylussacia baccata (Black huckleberry)

Common pest name

leaf rust of blueberry

Scientific pest name

Thekopsora minima

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Rust fungus affecting blueberry and hemlock. This fungus has been detected in Europe (Germany; Netherlands and Portugal). Some uncertainty about the suitability of UK native host species. But the case for regulation should be considered based on the EPPO PRA.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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