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Helleborus niger (Christmas rose)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.3m
Max height
0.5m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Helleborus niger

Other names

Christmas rose, Clove-tongue, St. Agnes' rose, Christopher's herb, Christ's herb, Bear's foot, Black hellebore, Brumal rose

Genus

Helleborus Helleborus

Species

H. niger - H. niger is a semi-evergreen perennial with pedately lobed, leathery, dark green leaves and pure white or pink-flushed white, bowl-shaped flowers.


Helleborus niger is: Semi evergreen

Habit

Clump-forming

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort; skin irritant.

Flower

White, Flushed pink in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Slugs , Snails Aphids , Slugs , Snails

Black death of hellebores , Hellebore leaf spot Black death of hellebores , Hellebore leaf spot

General care

Pruning

Remove faded or damaged foliage as the flowers appear.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Helleborus niger (Christmas rose) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Beds and borders, Underplanting

Cultivation

This plant thrives in neutral to alkaline soils that are moist, fertile and humus-rich, which makes it suitable for heavy clay soils in partial shade. For best results provide shelter from strong, cold winds and mulch annually in autumn.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Helleborus niger

Other names

Christmas rose, Clove-tongue, St. Agnes' rose, Christopher's herb, Christ's herb, Bear's foot, Black hellebore, Brumal rose

Genus

Helleborus Helleborus

Species

H. niger - H. niger is a semi-evergreen perennial with pedately lobed, leathery, dark green leaves and pure white or pink-flushed white, bowl-shaped flowers.

Foliage

Semi evergreen

Habit

Clump-forming

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort; skin irritant.


Colour

Flower

White, Flushed pink in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Slugs , Snails

Specific diseases

Black death of hellebores , Hellebore leaf spot

General care

Pruning

Remove faded or damaged foliage as the flowers appear.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Helleborus niger (Christmas rose) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Beds and borders, Underplanting

Cultivation

This plant thrives in neutral to alkaline soils that are moist, fertile and humus-rich, which makes it suitable for heavy clay soils in partial shade. For best results provide shelter from strong, cold winds and mulch annually in autumn.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

North, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3

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Helleborus niger (Christmas rose)

Helleborus niger (Christmas rose)

Helleborus niger (Christmas rose)

Taken January 2012 (18/02/2012)

Name not known (20/03/2012)

(22/04/2012)

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Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: North, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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