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Ilex crenata (Box-leaved holly)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
5m
Max height
4m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Ilex crenata

Other names

Box-leaved holly, Japanese holly

Genus

Ilex Ilex

Species

I. crenata - I. crenata is a variable, dense, bushy, evergreen shrub or small tree with ovate to elliptic, shallowly scalloped, glossy, dark green leaves and tiny, white flowers in summer followed by spherical, glossy, black fruit on female plants.


Ilex crenata is: Evergreen

Habit

Dense, Rounded, Upright

Toxicity

Berries may cause discomfort if ingested.

Flower

Insignificant or absent, White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Leaf-mining sawflies , Scale insects Aphids , Leaf-mining sawflies , Scale insects

Holly leaf blight Holly leaf blight

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 or trim informal hedges in early spring. Trim formal hedges in late summer.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Ilex crenata (Box-leaved holly) will reach a height of 5m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Resistant to pollution, Low Maintenance, Hedging/Screens, Ground Cover, Cottage/Informal, Architectural, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or dappled shade. Planting is best done in late winter or early spring.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Ilex crenata

Other names

Box-leaved holly, Japanese holly

Genus

Ilex Ilex

Species

I. crenata - I. crenata is a variable, dense, bushy, evergreen shrub or small tree with ovate to elliptic, shallowly scalloped, glossy, dark green leaves and tiny, white flowers in summer followed by spherical, glossy, black fruit on female plants.

Native to

Japan, Korea, Russia

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Dense, Rounded, Upright

Toxicity

Berries may cause discomfort if ingested.


Colour

Flower

Insignificant or absent, White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Leaf-mining sawflies , Scale insects

Specific diseases

Holly leaf blight

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 or trim informal hedges in early spring. Trim formal hedges in late summer.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Ilex crenata (Box-leaved holly) will reach a height of 5m and a spread of 4m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Resistant to pollution, Low Maintenance, Hedging/Screens, Ground Cover, Cottage/Informal, Architectural, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or dappled shade. Planting is best done in late winter or early spring.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Ilex crenata (Box-leaved holly)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Ilex crenata (Box-leaved holly)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Ilex crenata (Box-leaved holly)

Common pest name

Stubby-root nematode

Scientific pest name

Trichodorus cedarus

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous nematode pest from Asia; occasionally intercepted by the UK. Causes direct feeding damage on plant roots and has the potential to vector viruses.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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