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Iris latifolia (English iris )

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.6m
Max height
0.2m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Iris latifolia

Other names

English iris , Great bulbous iris , Pyrenean flag

Genus

Iris Iris

Species

I. latifolia - I. latifolia is a bulbous perennial forming a narrow clump of upright to arching, narrowly lance-shaped, mid-green leaves and, in summer, erect stems bearing one or two, violet, blue, or white flowers with white-marked falls.


Iris latifolia is: Deciduous

Habit

Erect flower stem, Clump-forming

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.

Flower

Blue, Violet, White in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Slugs , Snails Slugs , Snails

Grey mould , Iris rhizome rot Grey mould , Iris rhizome rot

General care

Pruning

Remove faded or dead foliage in autumn. Cut down old flower stems after flowering.

Propagation

Divide every three to four years.

Propagation methods

Division


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Where to grow

Iris latifolia (English iris ) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.2m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Coastal, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Wallside and trellises, Waterside

Cultivation

Grow in neutral to slightly alkaline, moist or moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Plant 8cm deep in autumn. Suitable for naturalising in grass.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Iris latifolia

Other names

English iris , Great bulbous iris , Pyrenean flag

Genus

Iris Iris

Species

I. latifolia - I. latifolia is a bulbous perennial forming a narrow clump of upright to arching, narrowly lance-shaped, mid-green leaves and, in summer, erect stems bearing one or two, violet, blue, or white flowers with white-marked falls.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Erect flower stem, Clump-forming

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.


Colour

Flower

Blue, Violet, White in Summer

Foliage

Mid-green in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Slugs , Snails

Specific diseases

Grey mould , Iris rhizome rot

General care

Pruning

Remove faded or dead foliage in autumn. Cut down old flower stems after flowering.

Propagation

Divide every three to four years.

Propagation methods

Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Iris latifolia (English iris ) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.2m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Coastal, Cottage/Informal, Flower Arranging, Wallside and trellises, Waterside

Cultivation

Grow in neutral to slightly alkaline, moist or moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Plant 8cm deep in autumn. Suitable for naturalising in grass.

Soil type

Chalky, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive

Soil pH

Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Iris latifolia (English iris )

Common pest name

Red rice root aphid; Rice root aphid

Scientific pest name

Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominalis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Potentially significant glasshouse pest; growers should monitor for its presence. Routine aphid control should be effective in mitigating risk.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Iris latifolia (English iris )

Common pest name

common blossom thrips; cotton bud thrips; tomato thrips

Scientific pest name

Frankliniella schultzei

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous glasshouse pest; present in many countries; single finding in UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Moisture-retentive Tell us...
Soil pH: Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

New garden
New garden
Laurie L Desiderato

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