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Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.3m
Max height
0.3m
Max spread
5-10 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Lobularia maritima

Other names

Sweet alyssum, Alyssum maritimum

Genus

Lobularia Lobularia

Species

L. maritima - L. maritima is a compact, mat- to mound-forming annual or short-lived perennial with linear, slightly hairy, grey-green leaves and rounded racemes of tiny, slightly cupped, white or pale purple-pink flowers in summer.


Lobularia maritima is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Softly-scented blossoms, attractive to hoverflies.

Habit

Compact, Cushion or Mound Forming, Mat Forming

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Grey-green in Spring; Grey-green in Summer; Grey-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Flea beetles , Slugs Flea beetles , Slugs

Clubroot , Downy mildew , White blister Clubroot , Downy mildew , White blister

General care

Pruning

Trim lightly after flowering to maintain compactness and encourage further flowers.

Propagation

Sow seed in situ in late spring.

Propagation methods

Seed


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Where to grow

Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.3m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Banks and Slopes, Beds and borders, Coastal, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Edging, Rock

Cultivation

Grow light, moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, East

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Lobularia maritima

Other names

Sweet alyssum, Alyssum maritimum

Genus

Lobularia Lobularia

Species

L. maritima - L. maritima is a compact, mat- to mound-forming annual or short-lived perennial with linear, slightly hairy, grey-green leaves and rounded racemes of tiny, slightly cupped, white or pale purple-pink flowers in summer.

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Softly-scented blossoms, attractive to hoverflies.

Habit

Compact, Cushion or Mound Forming, Mat Forming


Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Grey-green in Spring; Grey-green in Summer; Grey-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Flea beetles , Slugs

Specific diseases

Clubroot , Downy mildew , White blister

General care

Pruning

Trim lightly after flowering to maintain compactness and encourage further flowers.

Propagation

Sow seed in situ in late spring.

Propagation methods

Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum) will reach a height of 0.3m and a spread of 0.3m after 5-10 years.

Suggested uses

Banks and Slopes, Beds and borders, Coastal, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Edging, Rock

Cultivation

Grow light, moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun.

Soil type

Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

South, East

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum)

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci non-European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Non-European populations of Bemisia tabaci pose an additional risk to European populations due to the potential for introducing non-European viruses.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Lobularia maritima (Sweet alyssum)

Common pest name

Cassava whitefly; Cotton whitefly; Sweet potato whitefly; Tobacco whitefly

Scientific pest name

Bemisia tabaci European populations

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

The UK has a protected zone in place for this pest which helps to mitigate the risk of entry and establishment. An EFSA opinion is currently being discussed at the EU Annexes Working Group which recommends further strengthening of the regulation.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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