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Ludisia discolor (Black jewel orchid)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
0.6m
Max height
0.6m
Max spread
2-5 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Ludisia discolor

Other names

Black jewel orchid, Jeweled ludisia , Variegated ludisia, Haemaria discolor, Jewel orchid, Gonogona discolor, Goodyera discolor, Orchiodes discolor

Genus

Ludisia Ludisia

Species

L. discolor - L. discolor is a clump-forming, terrestrial orchid with elliptic, velvety, red- or white-veined, maroon-flushed, dark green and spike-like clusters of long-lasting, white flowers in winter.


Ludisia discolor is: Evergreen

Habit

Clump-forming, Erect flower stem

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Foliage

Dark-green, Maroon in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

General care

Pruning

Remove faded flower spikes. Remove faded leaves as necessary.

Propagation methods

Stem tip cuttings, Division


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Where to grow

Ludisia discolor (Black jewel orchid) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.6m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Containers, Greenhouse, Indoor

Cultivation

Grow in terrestrial orchid compost in high humidity & shade from direct light. Best in daytime temps of 21-29C, nighttime at 11-14C. Keep consistently moist but not waterlogged. Feed every 2-3 weeks with liquid orchid fertilizer.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Ludisia discolor

Other names

Black jewel orchid, Jeweled ludisia , Variegated ludisia, Haemaria discolor, Jewel orchid, Gonogona discolor, Goodyera discolor, Orchiodes discolor

Genus

Ludisia Ludisia

Species

L. discolor - L. discolor is a clump-forming, terrestrial orchid with elliptic, velvety, red- or white-veined, maroon-flushed, dark green and spike-like clusters of long-lasting, white flowers in winter.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Clump-forming, Erect flower stem

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Foliage

Dark-green, Maroon in All seasons

General care

Pruning

Remove faded flower spikes. Remove faded leaves as necessary.

Propagation methods

Stem tip cuttings, Division


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Ludisia discolor (Black jewel orchid) will reach a height of 0.6m and a spread of 0.6m after 2-5 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Containers, Greenhouse, Indoor

Cultivation

Grow in terrestrial orchid compost in high humidity & shade from direct light. Best in daytime temps of 21-29C, nighttime at 11-14C. Keep consistently moist but not waterlogged. Feed every 2-3 weeks with liquid orchid fertilizer.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Shade

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 12, Zone 11

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Ludisia discolor (Black jewel orchid)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Orchidophilus spp.

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A pest of orchids spreading in trade. Currently absent from the UK and unlikely to establish outdoors. Could cause severe damage to hosts growing in protected cultivation.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Ludisia discolor (Black jewel orchid)

Common pest name

common blossom thrips; cotton bud thrips; tomato thrips

Scientific pest name

Frankliniella schultzei

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous glasshouse pest; present in many countries; single finding in UK.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Ludisia discolor (Black jewel orchid)

Common pest name

Rice leaf nematode; Strawberry crimp disease nematode; White tip nematode; White tip nematode of rice

Scientific pest name

Aphelenchoides besseyi

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Damaging nematode affecting rice crops and strawberry production in warmer climates; could potentially present a threat to strawberry production and ornamental production in protected environments. But modern production practices seem to reduce likelihood of impacts. Pest is also regulated at EU level; which reduces likelihood of entry.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moisture-retentive, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Shade Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

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