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Magnolia fraseri (Fraser magnolia )

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
10m
Max height
10m
Max spread
20-50 Years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Magnolia fraseri

Other names

Fraser magnolia , Ear-leaved umbrella tree, Mountain magnolia, Eared magnolia, Ear-leaf umbrella tree, Fraser's magnolia

Genus

Magnolia Magnolia

Species

M. fraseri - M. fraseri is an open, spreading, deciduous tree with oblong to ovate, mid-green leaves, bronze when young, and cup- or goblet-shaped, green-flushed, creamy-white flowers in late spring and early summer. Flowers are followed by cone-like, reddish-pink fruit containing red seeds.


Magnolia fraseri is: Deciduous

Habit

Open branches, Spreading

Flower

Flushed green, Cream in Spring; Flushed green, Cream in Summer

Foliage

Bronze in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Scale insects , Glasshouse red spider mite Scale insects , Glasshouse red spider mite

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 in midsummer.

Propagation

Soak seed in water 24 hours before sowing. Sow outdoors in autumn for spring germination or cold stratify for 120 days and sow in spring.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Magnolia fraseri (Fraser magnolia ) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 10m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree, Wallside and trellises, Woodland

Cultivation

Grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained, neutral to acid soil in sun or partial shade. Needs shelter from cold, drying winds. Late frost may damage flower buds.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Magnolia fraseri

Other names

Fraser magnolia , Ear-leaved umbrella tree, Mountain magnolia, Eared magnolia, Ear-leaf umbrella tree, Fraser's magnolia

Genus

Magnolia Magnolia

Species

M. fraseri - M. fraseri is an open, spreading, deciduous tree with oblong to ovate, mid-green leaves, bronze when young, and cup- or goblet-shaped, green-flushed, creamy-white flowers in late spring and early summer. Flowers are followed by cone-like, reddish-pink fruit containing red seeds.

Native to

Southeastern United States

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Open branches, Spreading


Colour

Flower

Flushed green, Cream in Spring; Flushed green, Cream in Summer

Foliage

Bronze in Spring; Mid-green in Summer; Mid-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Scale insects , Glasshouse red spider mite

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1 in midsummer.

Propagation

Soak seed in water 24 hours before sowing. Sow outdoors in autumn for spring germination or cold stratify for 120 days and sow in spring.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings, Softwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Magnolia fraseri (Fraser magnolia ) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 10m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree, Wallside and trellises, Woodland

Cultivation

Grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained, neutral to acid soil in sun or partial shade. Needs shelter from cold, drying winds. Late frost may damage flower buds.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Magnolia fraseri (Fraser magnolia )

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Phytophthora kernoviae

Type

Oomycete

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pathogen of certain tree and shrub species; subject to a containment strategy the UK.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Magnolia fraseri (Fraser magnolia )

Common pest name

Japanese long scale; Japanese maple scale; Long scale; Japanese; Pear white scale

Scientific pest name

Lopholeucaspis japonica

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Regulated only on Citrus at present; regulation on other hosts needs to be considered. Only likely to be a pest under glass in UK.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Magnolia fraseri (Fraser magnolia )

Common pest name

; Apple bark beetle; Asian ambrosia beetle; Granulate ambrosia beetle

Scientific pest name

Xylosandrus crassiusculus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Ambrosia beetle which can affect a wide range of broadleaved trees; widespread in Africa; Asia and parts of the US; with outbreaks in France and Italy. The UK climate is unlikely to be suitable for the pest to thrive and cause significant damage but needs to be investigated through research. A Europe-wide PRA will help inform the case for EU regulation. Premises involved in importing wood and host plants from Italy in particular; where official measures are not being taken; should source material carefully.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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