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Monstera deliciosa (Swiss cheese plant)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
8m
Max height
3m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Monstera deliciosa

Other names

Swiss cheese plant, Fruit salad plant, Mexican breadfruit, Monstera, Ceriman, Custard plant, Indian ivy

Genus

Monstera Monstera

Species

M. deliciosa - M. deliciosa is a vigorous yet tender, climbing, epiphytic, evergreen shrub, often grown as an indoor plant, with large, leathery, glossy, heart-shaped, deeply lobed, dark green leaves, often perforated with oblong or elliptic holes. Creamy-white spathes in spring and summer are followed by edible, aromatic, cream fruit.


Monstera deliciosa is: Evergreen

Habit

Irregular

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort and contact with skin or eyes may cause irritation.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Cream in Spring; Cream in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Mealybugs , Red spider mite (box and other) , Scale insects , Thrips Mealybugs , Red spider mite (box and other) , Scale insects , Thrips

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 11.

Propagation methods

Layering, Leaf cuttings, Seed


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Where to grow

Monstera deliciosa (Swiss cheese plant) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 3m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Containers, Greenhouse, Indoor, Low Maintenance, Sub-Tropical

Cultivation

Under glass or indoors, grow in loam-based compost in bright, indirect light with high to moderate humidity. In growth, water freely & feed monthly. Reduce watering from autumn to late winter. In frost-free areas, grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

South

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Monstera deliciosa

Other names

Swiss cheese plant, Fruit salad plant, Mexican breadfruit, Monstera, Ceriman, Custard plant, Indian ivy

Genus

Monstera Monstera

Species

M. deliciosa - M. deliciosa is a vigorous yet tender, climbing, epiphytic, evergreen shrub, often grown as an indoor plant, with large, leathery, glossy, heart-shaped, deeply lobed, dark green leaves, often perforated with oblong or elliptic holes. Creamy-white spathes in spring and summer are followed by edible, aromatic, cream fruit.

Native to

Central America, Mexico

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Irregular

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort and contact with skin or eyes may cause irritation.

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Cream in Spring; Cream in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Mealybugs , Red spider mite (box and other) , Scale insects , Thrips

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 11.

Propagation methods

Layering, Leaf cuttings, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Monstera deliciosa (Swiss cheese plant) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 3m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Conservatory, Containers, Greenhouse, Indoor, Low Maintenance, Sub-Tropical

Cultivation

Under glass or indoors, grow in loam-based compost in bright, indirect light with high to moderate humidity. In growth, water freely & feed monthly. Reduce watering from autumn to late winter. In frost-free areas, grow in humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in partial shade.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade

Aspect

South

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 12, Zone 11, Zone 10

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Monstera deliciosa (Swiss cheese plant)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade Tell us...
Aspect: South Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

GARDENS WITH THIS PLANT

My Garden
My Garden
Roza
Maples
Maples
John Smith
My Garden
My Garden
David, South West London SW19

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