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Musa x paradisiaca (Common banana)

Advanced
skill rating
2 hours care
per year
7.5m
Max height
3m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Musa x paradisiaca

Other names

Common banana, Adam's apple , Adam's fig, Edible banana, French plantain, Plantain , Plantain tree, Hybrid plantains

Genus

Musa Musa

Species

M. x paradisiaca - M. x paradisiaca is a vigorous yet tender, suckering, evergreen perennial with large, oblong to paddle-shaped, grey-green leaves and. in summer, yellow flowers with reddish-purple bracts followed by edible, elongated, yellow fruit.


Musa x paradisiaca is: Evergreen

Habit

Suckering, Upright

Flower

Reddish-purple, Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Mealybugs Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Mealybugs

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

No pruning required. Remove spent foliage and cut back in autumn if desired.

Propagation

Soak seed for 24 hours and then sow at 21-24C. Separate suckers in early spring. Divided every 5 years.

Propagation methods

Seed, Division, Suckers


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Where to grow

Musa x paradisiaca (Common banana) will reach a height of 7.5m and a spread of 3m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Containers, Greenhouse, Sub-Tropical

Cultivation

Grow under glass in loam-based compost in full light, shaded from hot sun. Water freely & feed monthly. For bedding, plant out in humus-rich soil in sun. Lift and pot up in autumn or wrap with straw and chicken wire.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Musa x paradisiaca

Other names

Common banana, Adam's apple , Adam's fig, Edible banana, French plantain, Plantain , Plantain tree, Hybrid plantains

Genus

Musa Musa

Species

M. x paradisiaca - M. x paradisiaca is a vigorous yet tender, suckering, evergreen perennial with large, oblong to paddle-shaped, grey-green leaves and. in summer, yellow flowers with reddish-purple bracts followed by edible, elongated, yellow fruit.

Foliage

Evergreen

Habit

Suckering, Upright


Colour

Flower

Reddish-purple, Yellow in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Glasshouse red spider mite , Mealybugs

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

No pruning required. Remove spent foliage and cut back in autumn if desired.

Propagation

Soak seed for 24 hours and then sow at 21-24C. Separate suckers in early spring. Divided every 5 years.

Propagation methods

Seed, Division, Suckers


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Musa x paradisiaca (Common banana) will reach a height of 7.5m and a spread of 3m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Containers, Greenhouse, Sub-Tropical

Cultivation

Grow under glass in loam-based compost in full light, shaded from hot sun. Water freely & feed monthly. For bedding, plant out in humus-rich soil in sun. Lift and pot up in autumn or wrap with straw and chicken wire.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 11, Zone 10, Zone 9

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Musa x paradisiaca (Common banana)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Musa x paradisiaca (Common banana)

Common pest name

Stunt nematode

Scientific pest name

Tylenchorhynchus leviterminalis

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

1

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode pest mainly in Asia and Africa; could only potentially affect glasshouse crops in UK but no obvious pathway.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Musa x paradisiaca (Common banana)

Common pest name

Asain cotton leafworm; Cluster caterpillar; Fall armyworm; Rice cutworm; Taro caterpiller; Tobacco budworm; Tobacco caterpillar; Tobacco cutworm; Tobacco leaf caterpillar

Scientific pest name

Spodoptera litura

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Regulated pest; frequently intercepted with occasional outbreaks which have been successfully eradicated in the UK.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Indoor heated (H1), Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

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