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Olea europaea (Common olive)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
9m
Max height
12m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Olea europaea

Other names

Green olive, King-of-trees, Manzanillo, Mission, Pickling olive, Queen, Ripe olive, Sevillano, Oleaceae, Olea europeae, Common olive, Sweet oil plant, Black olive, Lady's oil

Genus

Olea Olea

Species

O. europaea - O. europaea is a neatly shaped evergreen tree with a dense spreading crown of glossy grey-green to dark-green foliage and sprays of tiny, lightly scented white to greenish flowers followed by small, fleshy fruits which ripen purple-black.


Olea europaea is: Evergreen

Fragrance

Flowers are scented.

Habit

Rounded

Flower

White, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Specific pests

Scale insects Scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-ripe cuttings


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Where to grow

Olea europaea (Common olive) will reach a height of 9m and a spread of 12m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Banks and Slopes, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Woodland, Foliage only

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained fertile soil in a sheltered, sunny site. Under glass, grow in loam-based compost with added sharp sand in full light. Feed monthly & water moderately in growth; water sparingly in winter.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Olea europaea

Other names

Green olive, King-of-trees, Manzanillo, Mission, Pickling olive, Queen, Ripe olive, Sevillano, Oleaceae, Olea europeae, Common olive, Sweet oil plant, Black olive, Lady's oil

Genus

Olea Olea

Species

O. europaea - O. europaea is a neatly shaped evergreen tree with a dense spreading crown of glossy grey-green to dark-green foliage and sprays of tiny, lightly scented white to greenish flowers followed by small, fleshy fruits which ripen purple-black.

Foliage

Evergreen

Fragrance

Flowers are scented.

Habit

Rounded


Colour

Flower

White, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free.

Specific pests

Scale insects

Diseases

Generally disease-free.

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1.

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-ripe cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Olea europaea (Common olive) will reach a height of 9m and a spread of 12m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Banks and Slopes, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Woodland, Foliage only

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained fertile soil in a sheltered, sunny site. Under glass, grow in loam-based compost with added sharp sand in full light. Feed monthly & water moderately in growth; water sparingly in winter.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained, Moist but well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Olea europaea (Common olive)

Common pest name

Japanese swift moth

Scientific pest name

Endoclita excrescens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous moth pest whose larvae feed off a range of herbaceous and woody hosts. Native to East Asia where substantial impacts have been observed; and current import requirements do not fully mitigate the risk of introduction. A PRA will help to assess the level of risk more fully.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Olea europaea (Common olive)

Common pest name

pink wax scale; red was scale; ruby wax scale

Scientific pest name

Ceroplastes rubens

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Based on its biology and low potential impact continued action on this pest in the UK would not be considered appropriate. It is likely to be of more concern to southern Member States of the EU; as it is an economic pest of citrus.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Olea europaea (Common olive)

Common pest name

False codling moth

Scientific pest name

Thaumatotibia leucotreta

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

General biosecurity comments

Polyphagous pest; detected mainly on citrus and peppers. EU regulation under consideration following recurrent interceptions.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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june 2011 - 2 (25/07/2011)

(26/06/2013)

Wild Olive (15/02/2012)

25 july 2011 (25/07/2011)

june 2011 (25/07/2011)

16 June 2011. Ready to flower. (17/06/2011)

1 july 2011 (25/07/2011)

10 July 2012 (10/07/2012)

june 2011 - 3 (25/07/2011)

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained, Moist but well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

DISCUSS THIS PLANT

I have a medium sized olive. Stands about 8 feet tall. It is in the wrong place (ground too wet over winters). I need to move it. When is the best time?

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