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Picea omorika (Serbian spruce)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
15m
Max height
4m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Picea omorika

Other names

Serbian spruce

Genus

Picea Picea

Species

P. omorika - P. omorika is a medium-sized evergreen, conifer tree with needle-like leaves which are dark blue-green above, and blue-white below.


Picea omorika is: Evergreen

Tree shape

Narrowly conical, Pendulous, Slender

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Pineapple gall adelgid on spruce trees , Red spider mite (box and other) Aphids , Pineapple gall adelgid on spruce trees , Red spider mite (box and other)

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

No pruning required

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


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Where to grow

Picea omorika (Serbian spruce) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Grow in moist, free-draining soil in full sun in a position that is sheltered from cold winds. This plant thrives in acidic soil but will tolerate some alkalinity.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Picea omorika

Other names

Serbian spruce

Genus

Picea Picea

Species

P. omorika - P. omorika is a medium-sized evergreen, conifer tree with needle-like leaves which are dark blue-green above, and blue-white below.

Foliage

Evergreen

Tree shape

Narrowly conical, Pendulous, Slender

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Pineapple gall adelgid on spruce trees , Red spider mite (box and other)

Diseases

Generally disease free.

General care

Pruning

No pruning required

Propagation methods

Seed, Semi-hardwood cuttings


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Picea omorika (Serbian spruce) will reach a height of 15m and a spread of 4m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Cottage/Informal, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree

Cultivation

Grow in moist, free-draining soil in full sun in a position that is sheltered from cold winds. This plant thrives in acidic soil but will tolerate some alkalinity.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4, Zone 3

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Picea omorika (Serbian spruce)

Common pest name

Dothistroma needle blight; Red band needle blight

Scientific pest name

Dothistroma septosporum

Type

Fungus

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Fungal pest of pine; already present in UK of particular concern in Scotland

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Picea omorika (Serbian spruce)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Ips subelongatus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Pest of conifers with EU regulation helping to mitigate against the entry on conifer wood from non-European sources. Also present in European Russia with a similar range to Ips typographus; for which the UK has a protected zone with requirements on conifer wood.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Picea omorika (Serbian spruce)

Common pest name

Bud worm; western black-headed; Western black-headed budworm

Scientific pest name

Acleris gloverana

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

1

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Effectively mitigated by current regulations prohibiting imports of the hosts from the country of origin.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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