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Platanus x hispanica (London plane)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
30m
Max height
20m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Platanus x hispanica

Other names

London plane, Maple-leaved plane, Platanus x hybrida, Platanus x acerifolia

Genus

Platanus Platanus

Species

P. x hispanica - P x hispanica is a vigorous, broadly conical, deciduous tree with flaking brown, cream, and grey bark and variably-lobed, bright green leaves. Insignificant flowers in spring are followed by clusters of burr-like, green fruit ripening brown.


Platanus x hispanica is: Deciduous

Habit

Broadly columnar

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)

Flower

Green, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Bright-green in Spring; Bright-green in Summer; Bright-green in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free

Diseases

Generally disease-free

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Suckers


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Where to grow

Platanus x hispanica (London plane) will reach a height of 30m and a spread of 20m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Coastal, City, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, humus-rich, well-drained or moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Do not plant close to buildings as its extensive root system will cause structural damage.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Platanus x hispanica

Other names

London plane, Maple-leaved plane, Platanus x hybrida, Platanus x acerifolia

Genus

Platanus Platanus

Species

P. x hispanica - P x hispanica is a vigorous, broadly conical, deciduous tree with flaking brown, cream, and grey bark and variably-lobed, bright green leaves. Insignificant flowers in spring are followed by clusters of burr-like, green fruit ripening brown.

Foliage

Deciduous

Habit

Broadly columnar

Awards

RHS AGM (Award of Garden Merit)


Colour

Flower

Green, Insignificant or absent in Spring

Foliage

Bright-green in Spring; Bright-green in Summer; Bright-green in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Generally pest-free

Diseases

Generally disease-free

General care

Pruning

Pruning group 1

Propagation methods

Hardwood cuttings, Suckers


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Platanus x hispanica (London plane) will reach a height of 30m and a spread of 20m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Low Maintenance, Coastal, City, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, humus-rich, well-drained or moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Do not plant close to buildings as its extensive root system will cause structural damage.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Platanus x hispanica (London plane)

Common pest name

Alfalfa dwarf; Anaheim disease; California vine disease; Dwarf disease of alfalfa; Dwarf disease of lucerne; Leaf scald of oleander; Leaf scald of plum; Leaf scorch; Phony disease of peach; Pierce's disease of grapevine; Variegated chlorosis of citrus

Scientific pest name

Xylella fastidiosa subsp. multiplex

Type

Bacterium

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A bacterial disease with a wide host range detected in Corsica. Although EU regulated; there remains some concern about the risk of introduction. This subspecies is known to be able to thrive in cooler climates. Should an outbreak occur; there would be a need for eradication action which would result in environmental and social impacts.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Platanus x hispanica (London plane)

Common pest name

Lance nematode; Nematode; Lance

Scientific pest name

Hoplolaimus spp.

Type

Nematode

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Nematode species potentially affecting a wide variety of crops; prohibition of soil likely to mitigate risk substantially; keep under review in light of interceptions or findings should they occur in the EU.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Platanus x hispanica (London plane)

Common pest name

Asian longhorn beetle; Starry sky beetle

Scientific pest name

Anoplophora glabripennis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Recognised threat to a wide range of deciduous tress native to the UK. Already regulated it is a priority for continued surveillance and statutory action. The risk of entry is further mitigated by EU legislation requiring the monitoring of wooden packaging material originating from China.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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