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Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Catalina cherry)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
10.5m
Max height
9m
Max spread
20-50 Years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii

Other names

Catalina cherry

Genus

Prunus Prunus

Species

P. ilicifolia subsp. lyonii - P. ilicifolia subsp. lyonii is an oval to rounded, borderline hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree with ovate to broadly lance-shaped, finely toothed, leathery, glossy, dark green leaves and, in summer, racemes of small, bowl-shaped, white flowers followed by cherry-like, dark red fruit that ripens black.


Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Leaves have an almond scent when crushed.

Habit

Spreading, Rounded

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Bullfinches , Caterpillars , Leaf mining moths , Plum leaf-curling aphid Aphids , Bullfinches , Caterpillars , Leaf mining moths , Plum leaf-curling aphid

Bacterial canker , Blossom wilt , Silver leaf Bacterial canker , Blossom wilt , Silver leaf

General care

Pruning

Pruning Group 1. Prune in midsummer if affected by silver leaf. Suitable for use as a hedge.

Propagation methods

Softwood cuttings, Semi-ripe cuttings, Seed


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Where to grow

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Catalina cherry) will reach a height of 10.5m and a spread of 9m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Hedging/Screens, Flavouring food and drinks, Drought Tolerant, Banks and Slopes, Low Maintenance, Planted in groups, Specimen tree, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grown in moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Protect from freezing the first year after planting. Tolerates drought once established. Does not tolerate prolonged freezing.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4), Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii

Other names

Catalina cherry

Genus

Prunus Prunus

Species

P. ilicifolia subsp. lyonii - P. ilicifolia subsp. lyonii is an oval to rounded, borderline hardy, evergreen shrub or small tree with ovate to broadly lance-shaped, finely toothed, leathery, glossy, dark green leaves and, in summer, racemes of small, bowl-shaped, white flowers followed by cherry-like, dark red fruit that ripens black.

Native to

Channel Islands, USA

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Leaves have an almond scent when crushed.

Habit

Spreading, Rounded


Colour

Flower

White in Summer

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Bullfinches , Caterpillars , Leaf mining moths , Plum leaf-curling aphid

Specific diseases

Bacterial canker , Blossom wilt , Silver leaf

General care

Pruning

Pruning Group 1. Prune in midsummer if affected by silver leaf. Suitable for use as a hedge.

Propagation methods

Softwood cuttings, Semi-ripe cuttings, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Catalina cherry) will reach a height of 10.5m and a spread of 9m after 20-50 Years.

Suggested uses

Hedging/Screens, Flavouring food and drinks, Drought Tolerant, Banks and Slopes, Low Maintenance, Planted in groups, Specimen tree, Wildlife

Cultivation

Grown in moderately fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Protect from freezing the first year after planting. Tolerates drought once established. Does not tolerate prolonged freezing.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4), Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 11, Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Catalina cherry)

Common pest name

Chlorotic leafroll of apricot; Chlorotic leafroll of nectarine; Chlorotic leafroll of peach; Decline of Japanese plum; Decline of peach; Dieback of apricot; European stone fruit yellows; European yellows of peach; Italian rosette of peach; Leptonecrosis of plum; MoliĀŠres disease of cherry; Vein clearing of peach; Vein enlargement of peach

Scientific pest name

Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum

Type

Phytoplasma

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

EU regulation appears satisfactory for UK; willing to participate in future review of EU listing.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Catalina cherry)

Common pest name

grape ground pearl

Scientific pest name

Margarodes vitis

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

2

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Main pathway; Vitis spp. plants for planting; already prohibited. However; further consideration of other pathways is required.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Prunus ilicifolia subsp. lyonii (Catalina cherry)

Common pest name

Peach red-necked longhorn; Plum and peach longhorn; red-necked longhorn

Scientific pest name

Aromia bungii

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Absent

Likelihood to spread to UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

A pest mainly of Prunus previously intercepted in the UK on wooden packaging imported from China. There have been longstanding outbreaks of the pest in Italy; a source of significant trade in plants for instant landscapes; and also findings in Germany. The UK will press for early EU regulation and consider UK national measures if risk increases.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4), Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

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