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Pyrus communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) (Pear (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar))

Intermediate
skill rating
4 hours care
per year
8m
Max height
8m
Max spread
10-20 years
To maturity

Plant details

Botanical name

Pyrus communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar)

Other names

Pear (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar)

Genus

Pyrus Pyrus

Variety or Cultivar

P. communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) _ P. communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) are rounded to columnar, deciduous trees, trained against a wall or framework, with ovate to elliptic, finely-toothed, glossy, dark green leaves and white flowers in early spring followed by edible fruit. Harvest date is dependent upon variety.


Pyrus communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) is: Deciduous

Fragrance

Flowers are fragrant.

Habit

Rounded to broadly columnar

Flower

White, Pink in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Orange, Red in Autumn

How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Woolly aphid , Red spider mite (box and other) , Codling moth , Fruit tree red spider mite , Mussel scale Aphids , Caterpillars , Woolly aphid , Red spider mite (box and other) , Codling moth , Fruit tree red spider mite , Mussel scale

Apple and pear canker , Apple scab , Powdery mildew , Sooty blotch and fly speck of apples Apple and pear canker , Apple scab , Powdery mildew , Sooty blotch and fly speck of apples

General care

Pruning

Thin fruit as necessary. Regular pruning required. Most pears are spur-bearers which means fruit buds are produced on older wood in the form of short, branched shoots called spurs.

Propagation

If grafting, the rootstock used will effect plant size. Wuince stock is usually used.

Propagation methods

Budding, Grafting


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Where to grow

Pyrus communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) (Pear (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar)) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 8m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Wallside and trellises

Cultivation

Best in neutral, well-drained, fertile soil in a sunny, sheltered site. Avoid shallow, wet soil. Keep a wide, weed-free area around the trunk. Suitable for all training forms. Most pears require one or more pollinators. Rootstock determines mature height.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

Companion plants

We do not currently have companion plants added for this plant.

Botanical name

Pyrus communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar)

Other names

Pear (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar)

Genus

Pyrus Pyrus

Variety or Cultivar

P. communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) _ P. communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) are rounded to columnar, deciduous trees, trained against a wall or framework, with ovate to elliptic, finely-toothed, glossy, dark green leaves and white flowers in early spring followed by edible fruit. Harvest date is dependent upon variety.

Native to

Garden origin

Foliage

Deciduous

Fragrance

Flowers are fragrant.

Habit

Rounded to broadly columnar


Colour

Flower

White, Pink in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in Spring; Dark-green in Summer; Orange, Red in Autumn


How to care

Watch out for

Specific pests

Aphids , Caterpillars , Woolly aphid , Red spider mite (box and other) , Codling moth , Fruit tree red spider mite , Mussel scale

Specific diseases

Apple and pear canker , Apple scab , Powdery mildew , Sooty blotch and fly speck of apples

General care

Pruning

Thin fruit as necessary. Regular pruning required. Most pears are spur-bearers which means fruit buds are produced on older wood in the form of short, branched shoots called spurs.

Propagation

If grafting, the rootstock used will effect plant size. Wuince stock is usually used.

Propagation methods

Budding, Grafting


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Pyrus communis (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar) (Pear (any espalier or cordon-grown cultivar)) will reach a height of 8m and a spread of 8m after 10-20 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Wallside and trellises

Cultivation

Best in neutral, well-drained, fertile soil in a sunny, sheltered site. Avoid shallow, wet soil. Keep a wide, weed-free area around the trunk. Suitable for all training forms. Most pears require one or more pollinators. Rootstock determines mature height.

Soil type

Clay, Loamy, Sandy

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Neutral

Light

Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Hardy (H4)

USDA zones

Zone 9, Zone 8, Zone 7, Zone 6, Zone 5, Zone 4

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Clay, Loamy, Sandy Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Neutral Tell us...
Light: Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Hardy (H4) Tell us...

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