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Quercus suber (Cork oak)

Beginner
skill rating
1 hour care
per year
20m
Max height
20m
Max spread
20-50 years
To maturity
Low
Toxicity

Plant details

Botanical name

Quercus suber

Other names

Cork oak, Cork tree

Genus

Quercus Quercus

Species

Q. suber - Q. suber is a half-hardy, rounded, evergreen tree with thick, ridged, corky bark and ovate to oblong, toothed, rigid, glossy, dark green leaves, grey-hairy beneath. Small catkins of insignificant yellow-green flowers in spring are followed by ovoid to oblong acorns.


Quercus suber is: Evergreen

Tree shape

Spreading

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.

Flower

Yellow-green in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons

How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Also: Knopper gall wasps

Specific pests

Leaf mining moths , Aphids , Caterpillars , Oak gall wasps Leaf mining moths , Aphids , Caterpillars , Oak gall wasps

Diseases

Also suffers from oak wilt in North America only.

Honey fungus , Oak galls , Oak wilt , Powdery mildew Honey fungus , Oak galls , Oak wilt , Powdery mildew

General care

Propagation methods

Grafting, Seed


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Where to grow

Quercus suber (Cork oak) will reach a height of 20m and a spread of 20m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Drought Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree, Wildlife

Cultivation

Prefers acid, well-drained loam in full sun. Will tolerate partial shade. Avoid wet, poorly-drained conditions. Tends to drop old leaves in spring. Drought tolerant within 2 years after planting. Tolerates strong winds but not coastal conditions.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

Companion plants

Botanical name

Quercus suber

Other names

Cork oak, Cork tree

Genus

Quercus Quercus

Species

Q. suber - Q. suber is a half-hardy, rounded, evergreen tree with thick, ridged, corky bark and ovate to oblong, toothed, rigid, glossy, dark green leaves, grey-hairy beneath. Small catkins of insignificant yellow-green flowers in spring are followed by ovoid to oblong acorns.

Foliage

Evergreen

Tree shape

Spreading

Toxicity

Ingestion may cause severe discomfort.


Colour

Flower

Yellow-green in Spring

Foliage

Dark-green in All seasons


How to care

Watch out for

Pests

Also: Knopper gall wasps

Specific pests

Leaf mining moths , Aphids , Caterpillars , Oak gall wasps

Diseases

Also suffers from oak wilt in North America only.

Specific diseases

Honey fungus , Oak galls , Oak wilt , Powdery mildew

General care

Propagation methods

Grafting, Seed


Monthly care advice


Where to grow

Quercus suber (Cork oak) will reach a height of 20m and a spread of 20m after 20-50 years.

Suggested uses

Architectural, Drought Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree, Wildlife

Cultivation

Prefers acid, well-drained loam in full sun. Will tolerate partial shade. Avoid wet, poorly-drained conditions. Tends to drop old leaves in spring. Drought tolerant within 2 years after planting. Tolerates strong winds but not coastal conditions.

Soil type

Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types)

Soil drainage

Moist but well-drained, Well-drained

Soil pH

Acid, Alkaline, Neutral

Light

Partial Shade, Full Sun

Aspect

North, South, East, West

Exposure

Exposed, Sheltered

UK hardiness Note: We are working to update our ratings. Thanks for your patience.

Tender in frost (H3)

USDA zones

Zone 10, Zone 9, Zone 8

Defra's Risk register #1

Plant name

Quercus suber (Cork oak)

Common pest name

Oak jewel beetle; Oak splendour beetle; Two -spot woodborer

Scientific pest name

Agrilus biguttatus

Type

Insect

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Native beetle attracted to stressed trees and which is one of the biotic factors contributing to Acute oak decline. Good silviculture practice can help to mitigate the decline in tree health.

Defra's Risk register #2

Plant name

Quercus suber (Cork oak)

Common pest name

Scientific pest name

Acute Oak Decline

Type

Other

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

3

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

5

General biosecurity comments

Serious disorder of oaks likely to be caused by a complex of organisms. Eradication is not feasible; but good silvicultural practices could help to reduce spread and impacts.

Defra's Risk register #3

Plant name

Quercus suber (Cork oak)

Common pest name

Ramorum leaf blight; Ramorum shoot dieback; Rhododendron twig blight; Sudden oak death

Scientific pest name

Phytophthora ramorum

Type

Oomycete

Current status in UK

Present (Limited)

Likelihood to spread in UK (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

Impact (1 is very low - 5 is very high)

4

General biosecurity comments

Pathogen of larch and other hosts subject to EU emergency legislation. A containment strategy is in place in the UK; reflecting its presence in wider environment/forestry settings in some areas. EU regulatory status is under review.

About this section

Our plants are under greater threat than ever before. There is increasing movement of plants and other material traded from an increasing variety of sources. This increases the chances of exotic pests arriving with imported goods and travellers, as well as by natural means. Shoot is working with Defra to help members to do their part in preventing the introduction and spread of invasive risks.

Traveling or importing plants? Please read "Don't risk it" advice here

Suspected outbreak? Click here for contact details to report to the relevant authority.

Date updated: 7th March 2019 For more information visit: https://planthealthportal.defra.gov.uk/

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This plant likes... Garden match
Soil types: Chalky, Clay, Loamy, Sandy (will tolerate most soil types) Tell us...
Soil drainage: Moist but well-drained, Well-drained Tell us...
Soil pH: Acid, Alkaline, Neutral Tell us...
Light: Partial Shade, Full Sun Tell us...
Aspect: North, South, East, West Tell us...
Exposure: Exposed, Sheltered Tell us...
Hardiness: Tender in frost (H3) Tell us...

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